Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER XIV.: THE SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH HAVE BEEN INSTITUTED BY CHRIST, AND ARE ADMIRABLY ADAPTED TO THE NEEDS OF MANKIND. - The Triumph of the Cross
CHAPTER XIV.: THE SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH HAVE BEEN INSTITUTED BY CHRIST, AND ARE ADMIRABLY ADAPTED TO THE NEEDS OF MANKIND. - Girolamo Savonarola, The Triumph of the Cross 
The Triumph of the Cross, trans. from the Italian, edited, with an Introduction by the Very Rev. Father John Procter, S.T.L. With a frontispiece portrait of the author (London: Sands & Co., 1901).
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- The Truth of Faith Manifested By the Triumph of the Cross.
- Book I.
- Chapter I.: How By Means of Visible Things We Arrive At the Knowledge of Such As Are Invisible.
- Chapter II.: How the Triumph of Christ Testifies to the Truth of Our Faith.
- Chapter III.: Containing Certain Fundamental and Irrefragable Principles.
- Chapter IV.: Answers to the Objections Which May Be Brought Against the Foregoing Propositions.
- Chapter V.: The Mode In Which Our Argument Must Be Conducted.
- Chapter VI.: The Existence of God.
- Chapter VII.: God Is Not a Body, Nor the Form of a Body, Nor Is He a Complex Substance.
- Chapter VIII.: God Is the Perfect and Supreme Good, and Is of Infinite Power; He Is In Every Place; and He Is Immutable and Eternal.
- Chapter IX.: God Is One.
- Chapter X.: God Knows All Things Perfectly, and Acts of His Own Will, and Not From Natural Necessity.
- Chapter XI.: The Providence of God Extends Over All Things.
- Chapter XII.: The End to Which Man Is Guided By Divine Providence.
- Chapter XIII.: Man’s Last End Cannot Be Attained In This Present Life.
- Chapter XIV.: The Soul of Man Is Immortal.
- Book II.
- Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: Some True Religion Exists In the World.
- Chapter II.: Religion Is Both Interior and Exterior.
- Chapter III.: No Better Life Can Be Found Than the Christian Life.
- Chapter IV.: The End Presented to Us By the Christian Religion Is the Best Which Can Possibly Be Conceived.
- Chapter V.: A Christian Life Is the Best Possible Means For Attaining to Happiness.
- Chapter VI.: The Christian Life Is a Most Sure Means of Attaining to Beatitude.
- Chapter VII.: The Faith of Christ Is True, Because It Causes Men to Lead a Perfect Life.
- Chapter VIII.: The Doctrines Taught By Christianity Are True, and Come From God.
- Chapter IX.: The Truth of the Faith Proved By Arguments Founded On the Prayer and Contemplation of Christians.
- Chapter X.: Proofs of the Truth of the Christian Religion Founded On Its External Forms of Worship.
- Chapter XI.: The Truth of Christianity Evidenced By Its Effects On the Interior Life of Christians.
- Chapter XII.: The Truth of Christianity Manifested By Its Visible Effects On the Lives of Christians.
- Chapter XIII.: The Truth of the Faith Demonstrated By the Wonderful Works of Christ, Especially Those Which Pertain to His Power.
- Chapter XIV.: The Truth of Christianity Shown By Arguments Based On the Wisdom of Christ.
- Chapter XV.: The Truth of Christ’s Teaching Is Proved By His Goodness.
- Chapter XVI.: The Truth of Christianity Is Proved By the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of Christ, Considered Collectively.
- Book III.
- Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: God Contains Within Himself, and Can Perform, an Infinite Number of Things Surpassing Human Understanding.
- Chapter II.: An Examination of Certain Articles of the Christian Creed Which Exceed the Limits of Human Understanding.
- Chapter III.: The Mystery of the Trinity Is Neither Unreasonable Nor Incredible.
- Chapter IV.: The Christian Doctrine of Creation Is Neither Incredible Nor Unreasonable.
- Chapter V.: The Christian Teaching Concerning the Sanctification, Glory, and Resurrection of Rational Creatures Contains No Article Which Is Either Impossible, Or Unreasonable.
- Chapter VI.: The Doctrine of the Damnation of the Wicked Is One Befitting Christianity.
- Chapter VII.: The Doctrine of the Incarnation of the Son of God Is, In No Sense, Incredible, Unseemly, Or Unreasonable.
- Chapter VIII.: The Belief In the Virginal Birth of Christ Is Consistent With Reason, and His Life Befitted, In All Respects, His Dignity.
- Chapter IX.: The Christian Doctrine of Original Sin Is Neither Unreasonable Nor Incredible.
- Chapter X.: Our Belief In the Passion of Christ, In the Other Mysteries of His Humanity, and In All the Articles Defined By the Church, Is Strictly Consistent With Reason.
- Chapter XI.: The Christian Religion Most Prudently Establishes the Two Precepts of Charity, As the Foundation of Our Whole Moral Life.
- Chapter XII.: The Excellence of the Moral Teaching of the Church.
- Chapter XIII.: The Perfect Reasonableness of the Christian Constitution and Code of Judicial Law.
- Chapter XIV.: The Sacraments of the Church Have Been Instituted By Christ, and Are Admirably Adapted to the Needs of Mankind.
- Chapter XV.: The Number of the Sacraments Is Reasonable.
- Chapter XVI.: The Rites Used In the Administration of the Sacraments Are Both Reasonable and Seemly.
- Chapter XVII.: Answers to Certain Objections Brought Against the Doctrine of the Blessed Eucharist.
- Chapter XVIII.: The Reasonableness of the Ceremonies of the Church.
- Book IV.
- Introduction. Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: No Religion Except Christianity Can Be True.
- Chapter II.: The Defective and Erroneous Religions Taught By Heathen Philosophers.
- Chapter III.: The Futility and Superstition of the Traditions of Astrology.
- Chapter IV.: Idolatry Is of All Things the Most Vain.
- Chapter V.: A Refutation of the Jewish Perfidy and Superstition.
- Chapter VI.: The Malicious Untruthfulness of Heretics.
- Chapter VII.: The Utter Irrationality of the Mahometan Religion.
- Chapter VIII.: The Christian Religion Will Remain True and Unwavering Unto the End.
- Chapter IX.: Epilogue.
THE SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH HAVE BEEN INSTITUTED BY CHRIST, AND ARE ADMIRABLY ADAPTED TO THE NEEDS OF MANKIND.
It is our intention to treat, in this chapter, of the ceremonies of the Church. And, as her Sacraments are the chief ceremonies—all other rights being ordained on their account—we will begin by proving how absolutely reasonable these Sacraments are. And thus, all the other rites of the Church will be more easily understood. Christ, by His Passion, is the universal cause of our salvation. But, just as, in the law of nature, a universal cause only operates by means of particular causes, which apply its virtue to particular effects, it is likewise most reasonable that there should be some particular cause of our salvation, whereby the virtue of the Passion of Christ should be applied to our souls. This particular cause is found in the Sacraments of the Church, which are the channels of Christ’s grace to the soul. And, as a particular cause must be proportioned to the universal cause, and an instrument to the agent; it is most reasonable and fitting, that the Sacraments should be composed of external signs and of words, thus representing Christ, the Word of the Eternal Father united to human nature.
And, since none can be saved without grace, we can say most truly, that these Sacraments are Christ’s instruments in the conferring of grace. We do not mean, that their power is able to produce the final effect of grace; but we speak in the sense used by philosophers, when they say that man is begotten of man and of the sun’s heat; not meaning, of course, that either human or solar power is capable of producing the intellectual soul of man. We must remember that an instrument acts in two ways; first, by its own form, as in the case of a saw, which, from the metal of which it is made and its serrated shape, is able to cut wood; secondly, by the power and movement of the agent, which, as in the case of the carpenter using a saw, gives a specific form to the wood. But, this power does not always produce the ultimate effect on that on which it is exercised. For we see, that, though creatures are the instruments used by God in human generation, they do not beget the intellectual soul of man, which is created immediately by God; but that they are only instrumental in the final disposition of matter, and in the union of soul with body. In the same way, the Sacraments are not, either by their own virtue, or by power acquired from the movement of Christ, the chief agent, able to produce their final effect, which is grace. Grace proceeds from God alone; but the Sacraments dispose the soul for the reception of grace; and this disposition, imparted by them, is, by theologians, called their character.
We see a proof that the Sacraments thus confer grace, in the good life of those who receive them, in their conversion from vice to virtue, and in the progress in perfection made by those who frequent them. As we have, however, in the preceding Book, treated at length of these effects, we will say no more about them for the present.