Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER X.: GOD KNOWS ALL THINGS PERFECTLY, AND ACTS OF HIS OWN WILL, AND NOT FROM NATURAL NECESSITY. - The Triumph of the Cross
CHAPTER X.: GOD KNOWS ALL THINGS PERFECTLY, AND ACTS OF HIS OWN WILL, AND NOT FROM NATURAL NECESSITY. - Girolamo Savonarola, The Triumph of the Cross 
The Triumph of the Cross, trans. from the Italian, edited, with an Introduction by the Very Rev. Father John Procter, S.T.L. With a frontispiece portrait of the author (London: Sands & Co., 1901).
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- The Truth of Faith Manifested By the Triumph of the Cross.
- Book I.
- Chapter I.: How By Means of Visible Things We Arrive At the Knowledge of Such As Are Invisible.
- Chapter II.: How the Triumph of Christ Testifies to the Truth of Our Faith.
- Chapter III.: Containing Certain Fundamental and Irrefragable Principles.
- Chapter IV.: Answers to the Objections Which May Be Brought Against the Foregoing Propositions.
- Chapter V.: The Mode In Which Our Argument Must Be Conducted.
- Chapter VI.: The Existence of God.
- Chapter VII.: God Is Not a Body, Nor the Form of a Body, Nor Is He a Complex Substance.
- Chapter VIII.: God Is the Perfect and Supreme Good, and Is of Infinite Power; He Is In Every Place; and He Is Immutable and Eternal.
- Chapter IX.: God Is One.
- Chapter X.: God Knows All Things Perfectly, and Acts of His Own Will, and Not From Natural Necessity.
- Chapter XI.: The Providence of God Extends Over All Things.
- Chapter XII.: The End to Which Man Is Guided By Divine Providence.
- Chapter XIII.: Man’s Last End Cannot Be Attained In This Present Life.
- Chapter XIV.: The Soul of Man Is Immortal.
- Book II.
- Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: Some True Religion Exists In the World.
- Chapter II.: Religion Is Both Interior and Exterior.
- Chapter III.: No Better Life Can Be Found Than the Christian Life.
- Chapter IV.: The End Presented to Us By the Christian Religion Is the Best Which Can Possibly Be Conceived.
- Chapter V.: A Christian Life Is the Best Possible Means For Attaining to Happiness.
- Chapter VI.: The Christian Life Is a Most Sure Means of Attaining to Beatitude.
- Chapter VII.: The Faith of Christ Is True, Because It Causes Men to Lead a Perfect Life.
- Chapter VIII.: The Doctrines Taught By Christianity Are True, and Come From God.
- Chapter IX.: The Truth of the Faith Proved By Arguments Founded On the Prayer and Contemplation of Christians.
- Chapter X.: Proofs of the Truth of the Christian Religion Founded On Its External Forms of Worship.
- Chapter XI.: The Truth of Christianity Evidenced By Its Effects On the Interior Life of Christians.
- Chapter XII.: The Truth of Christianity Manifested By Its Visible Effects On the Lives of Christians.
- Chapter XIII.: The Truth of the Faith Demonstrated By the Wonderful Works of Christ, Especially Those Which Pertain to His Power.
- Chapter XIV.: The Truth of Christianity Shown By Arguments Based On the Wisdom of Christ.
- Chapter XV.: The Truth of Christ’s Teaching Is Proved By His Goodness.
- Chapter XVI.: The Truth of Christianity Is Proved By the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of Christ, Considered Collectively.
- Book III.
- Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: God Contains Within Himself, and Can Perform, an Infinite Number of Things Surpassing Human Understanding.
- Chapter II.: An Examination of Certain Articles of the Christian Creed Which Exceed the Limits of Human Understanding.
- Chapter III.: The Mystery of the Trinity Is Neither Unreasonable Nor Incredible.
- Chapter IV.: The Christian Doctrine of Creation Is Neither Incredible Nor Unreasonable.
- Chapter V.: The Christian Teaching Concerning the Sanctification, Glory, and Resurrection of Rational Creatures Contains No Article Which Is Either Impossible, Or Unreasonable.
- Chapter VI.: The Doctrine of the Damnation of the Wicked Is One Befitting Christianity.
- Chapter VII.: The Doctrine of the Incarnation of the Son of God Is, In No Sense, Incredible, Unseemly, Or Unreasonable.
- Chapter VIII.: The Belief In the Virginal Birth of Christ Is Consistent With Reason, and His Life Befitted, In All Respects, His Dignity.
- Chapter IX.: The Christian Doctrine of Original Sin Is Neither Unreasonable Nor Incredible.
- Chapter X.: Our Belief In the Passion of Christ, In the Other Mysteries of His Humanity, and In All the Articles Defined By the Church, Is Strictly Consistent With Reason.
- Chapter XI.: The Christian Religion Most Prudently Establishes the Two Precepts of Charity, As the Foundation of Our Whole Moral Life.
- Chapter XII.: The Excellence of the Moral Teaching of the Church.
- Chapter XIII.: The Perfect Reasonableness of the Christian Constitution and Code of Judicial Law.
- Chapter XIV.: The Sacraments of the Church Have Been Instituted By Christ, and Are Admirably Adapted to the Needs of Mankind.
- Chapter XV.: The Number of the Sacraments Is Reasonable.
- Chapter XVI.: The Rites Used In the Administration of the Sacraments Are Both Reasonable and Seemly.
- Chapter XVII.: Answers to Certain Objections Brought Against the Doctrine of the Blessed Eucharist.
- Chapter XVIII.: The Reasonableness of the Ceremonies of the Church.
- Book IV.
- Introduction. Method Observed Throughout This Book.
- Chapter I.: No Religion Except Christianity Can Be True.
- Chapter II.: The Defective and Erroneous Religions Taught By Heathen Philosophers.
- Chapter III.: The Futility and Superstition of the Traditions of Astrology.
- Chapter IV.: Idolatry Is of All Things the Most Vain.
- Chapter V.: A Refutation of the Jewish Perfidy and Superstition.
- Chapter VI.: The Malicious Untruthfulness of Heretics.
- Chapter VII.: The Utter Irrationality of the Mahometan Religion.
- Chapter VIII.: The Christian Religion Will Remain True and Unwavering Unto the End.
- Chapter IX.: Epilogue.
GOD KNOWS ALL THINGS PERFECTLY, AND ACTS OF HIS OWN WILL, AND NOT FROM NATURAL NECESSITY.
It is clear, from what has been said, that God knows all things. We see in the natural order, that those beings that are capable of knowing have a larger and more capacious nature than those that have no cognitive faculty. For, not only do they know their own form, but, being of a nature superior to matter, their cognitive power is able to receive the forms of other things. Hence the cognition of every cognitive form is ample and perfect, in proportion as that form is superior to matter. God, then, being Pure Act, i.e., superior to all matter and all potentiality, must possess the highest degree of cognisance, and the most complete understanding of all things.
God does not understand as men understand, i.e., by receiving the likeness of things into His understanding. For, being Simple Substance, His wisdom and His understanding are His nature; and, being wisdom itself He knows all things of Himself. And, since the power of God is nought but God Himself, and He is likewise wisdom itself, His wisdom must comprehend His power; and as His power is infinite, His wisdom must alike be infinite.
Some men entertain the foolish opinion that God knows superterrestrial things determinately, but that His knowledge of earthly things is confused and general; in other words, that man knows more things, or has a more perfect knowledge of them, than has God. Yet, even in merely natural things, the greater and more perfect the power, the more things it embraces and penetrates; and the more elevated a human intellect, the greater is its range of understanding, and the more exquisite its subtlety. Since, then, the Divine understanding is supereminent, and infinitely perfect, it must necessarily penetrate all things to their innermost being. And, since it is Immutable and Eternal, it is necessary that it should have perfect knowledge, not only of all things past, present and future, but also of all those which might ever be called into being. Moreover, this knowledge has not only existed from all eternity, but continues in the present, and will endure for ever.
We must, further, affirm that God acts, not from necessity, but by His Understanding and Will. Nature acts in a certain order without understanding it; and, as there cannot be order without intelligence, the operations of nature must be governed by some superior intellect. Now, as the intellect which governs is higher than the nature which is governed, and as God is the First Principle of all things, it is evident that He must act, not by natural necessity, but by Understanding and Will.
That which acts by natural necessity is drawn by its nature to produce an effect as far as possible similar to itself. Now, as God is Infinite Power, He would, therefore, were He constrained by natural necessity to act, produce infinite things—which would be an impossibility. God produces things according as they exist in Himself as in their Cause. Even as a house exists in the mind of an architect who builds it by means of his intelligence and will, so God also creates all things by means of His Intelligence and Will.