Front Page Titles (by Subject) NOTE BY THE EDITOR. - The Works of Jeremy Bentham, vol. 8 (Chrestomathia, Essays on Logic and Grammar, Tracts on Poor Laws, Tracts on Spanish Affairs)
NOTE BY THE EDITOR. - Jeremy Bentham, The Works of Jeremy Bentham, vol. 8 (Chrestomathia, Essays on Logic and Grammar, Tracts on Poor Laws, Tracts on Spanish Affairs) 
The Works of Jeremy Bentham, published under the Superintendence of his Executor, John Bowring (Edinburgh: William Tait, 1838-1843). In 11 vols. Volume 8.
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- Errata—vol. VIII.
- Chrestomathia: Being a Collection of Papers, Explanatory of the Design of an Institution, Proposed to Be Set On Foot Under the Name of the Chrestomathic Day School, Or Chrestomathic School, For the Extension of the New System of Instruction to the High
- Introduction By the Editor.
- First Preface to the First Edition.
- Second Preface to the First Edition.
- Chrestomathic (a) Instruction Tables. Table I.
- Chrestomathic Instruction Tables. Table II.
- Appendix. No. I.
- Appendix.—no. II.
- Appendix.—no. III.
- Appendix.—no. IV.: Essay On Nomenclature and Classification. *
- Appendix.—no. V.: Sources of Motion.
- Appendix.—no. VI.
- Appendix.—no. VII.
- Appendix.—no. VIII.
- Appendix No. IX.
- A Fragment On Ontology; Now First Published, From the Manuscripts of Jeremy Bentham.
- Note By the Editor.
- Chapter I.: Classification of Entities.
- Chapter II.: Fictitious Entities Classified.
- Essay On Logic: Now First Published, From the Manuscripts of Jeremy Bentham.
- Note By the Editor.
- Chapter I.: Logic—what ?
- Chapter II.: Logic, Its Characteristics.
- Chapter III.: Præcognita: Or, Preliminary and General Indications Concerning Logic, According to the Aristotelians.
- Chapter IV.: Of Aristotle’s Predicaments and Postpredicaments.
- Chapter V. *: Mode of Discussion.
- Chapter VI.: Relation of Logic to the Business of Human Life In General, and Therein to Arts and Sciences, I. E. to Disciplines.
- Chapter VII.: Clearness In Discourse, How to Produce It? and Hence of Exposition.
- Chapter VIII.: Of Division.
- Chapter IX.: Of Methodization, Otherwise Termed Arrangement. † ‡
- Chapter X.: Of the Art of Invention.
- Appendix.—a.: Phenomena of the Human Mind.
- Appendix B. Division of Art and Science. †
- Essay On Language; Now First Published, From the Manuscripts of Jeremy Bentham.
- Note By the Editor.
- Chapter I.: Modes Or Forms of Which Discourse Or Language Has Been Found Susceptible, Viz. Audible, Visible, and Their Respective Substitutes.
- Chapter II.: Uses of Language.
- Chapter III.: Operations Which, In the Character of an Art, Are Performable In Relation to Discourse, Or Language In General.
- Chapter IV.: Properties Desirable In a Language.
- Chapter V.: Of Improvement Considered As Applicable to Language, Or the Means By Which, In So Far As the Particular Language Employed By an Individual Admits of the Possession of Them, the Properties Desirable In Language May, On Each Occasion, Be Secured
- Chapter VI.: Analytical View of the Matter of Thought and Internal Action; Correspondent View of the Matter of Language.
- Fragments On Universal Grammar; Now First Published, From the Manuscripts of Jeremy Bentham.
- Chapter I.: Definitions.
- Chapter II.: Uses of Universal Grammar.
- Chapter III.: Of the Parts of Speech.
- Chapter IV.: Of the Noun-substantive.
- Chapter V.: Of the Adjective.
- Chapter VI.: Of Pronouns. *
- Chapter VII.: Of Verbs.
- Chapter VIII.: Of Government and Concord.
- Chapter IX.: Of Prepositions, Adverbs, and Conjunctions.
- Chapter X.: Of Interjections.
- Tracts On Poor Laws and Pauper Management.
- Note By the Editor On the Tracts On Poor Laws.
- Situation and Relief of the Poor.
- Observations On the Pauper Population Table Hereunto Annexed.
- Outline of the Non-adult Value Table.
- Outline of a Work Entitled Pauper Management Improved.
- Book I.: Political Arrangements.
- Book II.: Plan of Management.
- Book III.: Collateral Benefits.
- Book IV.: Pauper Comforts.
- Observations On the Poor Bill. Introduced By the Rt. Hon. William Pitt (feb, 1797). : Chapter I. Introduction
- Chapter II.: 1. Under-ability, Or Supplemental-wages Clause.
- Chapter III.: 2. Family-relief, Or Extra-children Clause.
- Chapter IV.: 3. Cow-money Clause.
- Chapter V.: 4. Relief-extension, Or Opulence-relief Clause.
- Chapter VI.: 5. Apprenticeship Clause.
- Three Tracts Relative to Spanish and Portuguese Affairs; With a Continual Eye to English Ones.
- Advertisement For Tract the First and Second; of This Second * Publication, Namely, On the Then Proposed Spanish House of Lords. ( Anno 1820.)
- Tract, No. I.: Letter to the Spanish Nation On a Then ( Anno 1820) Proposed House of Lords.
- Advertisement to Tract the Second.
- Tract, No. II.: Observations On Judge Advocate Hermosa’s Panegyric On Judicial Delays; On the Occasion of the Impunity As Yet Given By Him to the Loyal Authors of the Cadiz Massacre, a Counterpart to the Manchester Massacre; Explaining, Moreover, the Effe
- Advertisement to Tract the Third.
- Tract, No. III.: Letter to the Portuguese Nation, On Antiquated Constitutions; On the Spanish Constitution Considered As a Whole, and On Certain Defects Observable In It; In Particular, the Immutability-enacting, Or Infallibility-assuming, the Non-re-elig
- Letters to Count Toreno, On the Proposed Penal Code, Delivered In By the Legislation Committee of the Spanish Cortes, April 25th, 1821.
- Letter I.
- Letter II.: On the Course Taken By the Legislative Committee, to Prevent, Otherwise Than By Punishment Eo Nomine, the Free Examination of Their Proposed Penal Code.
- Letter III.
- Letter IV.
- Letter V.
- Letter VI.
- Letter VII.
- Supplemental Advertisement.
- Securities Against Misrule, Adapted to a Mahommedan State, and Prepared With Particular Reference to Tripoli In Barbary.
- Note By the Editor.
- Chapter I.: Preliminary Explanations.
- Chapter II.: Public Opinion the Sole Remedy—parallel Between the Public-opinion Tribunal and the Official Judicatories.
- Chapter III.: Notification and Publication In Reference to Securities.
- Chap. IV.: The Securities In Detail.
- Part I.: Securities In Favour of the Nation Considered In the Aggregate.
- Part II.: Securities In Favour of Individuals.
- Chapter V.: Hopes of Success For Any Project Having Such Securities For Its End.
NOTE BY THE EDITOR.
If the term Ontology be considered, as it generally is, synonymous with that of Metaphysics, and be held to embrace all that is brought together by the English writers on that science, the following tract will be found to illustrate but a very small branch of the subject. The original MSS. have indeed all the appearance of being purely fragmentary; and it is probable that the Author intended to incorporate them in the great system of Mental Philosophy, of a design to prepare which he has left so many traces, and of which the works on Logic, Language, and Grammar, which follow this, may be considered as portions. Although thus limited in extent, it was thought best to publish these pages in the form of a separate work, as the analysis and classification of the matter of thought and language which they contain, form what may be called the elements of the Author’s Psychical System, and are understood, or more briefly repeated, in all his examinations of the operations of the mind. The philosophical reader will perhaps find in them a key to many of the difficulties that created the controversy between the Realists and the Nominalists; and they undoubtedly throw considerable light on that dispute. The reader who wishes to follow out this subject will find farther elucidations of it in the tract on Logic, at pp. 246, 262, and in that on Language, at p. 327.
The MSS. from which this tract is edited bear date 1813, 1814, and 1821.