Front Page Titles (by Subject) NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF THE TEXT - The Rule of St. Benedict
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NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF THE TEXT - Saint Benedict, The Rule of St. Benedict 
The Rule of St. Benedict, translated into English. A Pax Book, preface by W.K. Lowther Clarke (London: S.P.C.K., 1931).
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NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF THE TEXT
The history of the text of St. Benedict’s rule is, very shortly, as follows: St. Benedict died in 543; in 581, according to the author of the Historia Langobardorum, his monastery of Monte Cassino was laid waste and the monks fled for refuge to Rome, “taking with them the codex of the holy rule, which the aforesaid father, Benedict, composed.” Monte Cassino was restored in the year 717 and received from Pope Zacharias (741-752) “the rule which the blessed father Benedict wrote with his own hands.” In 787 Abbot Theodemar of Monte Cassino sent a copy of the rule to Charles the Great, with the words: “According to your request, we have sent to you a rule of our blessed father, which we have had transcribed from the manuscript which he wrote with his own hands.”
Neither the eighth-century manuscript thus sent to Charles the Great, nor that of Monte Cassino from which it was copied, is in existence; but there are two types of manuscripts whose pedigree can be traced back to them. The oldest manuscript of the Monte Cassino type goes back to the first years of the tenth century. Of the four best manuscripts of the type of that sent to Charles the Great, the earliest is the St. Gall codex 914, which belongs to the early years of the ninth century; it is therefore the manuscript of greatest single authority in the study of the text. It is this manuscript which has been the main foundation of Dom Cuthbert Butler’s emendations to the textus receptus; and for further description of the rules he has employed in using it the reader is referred to his own introduction.