Council of Officers, 8th-11th January 1649 - Arthur Sutherland Pigott Woodhouse, Puritanism and Liberty, being the Army Debates (1647-9) from the Clarke Manuscripts with Supplementary Documents 
Puritanism and Liberty, being the Army Debates (1647-9) from the Clarke Manuscripts with Supplementary Documents, selected and edited with an Introduction A.S.P. Woodhouse, foreword by A.D. Lindsay (University of Chicago Press, 1951).
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- Postscript to the 1950 Edition
- Preface to the Second Edition
- Part I.: The Putney Debates
- At the General Council of Officers 1 At Putney, 28th October 1647.
- Putney, 29th October 1647
- Putney, 1st November 1647 At the General Council of the Army
- Part II.: The Whitehall Debates a
- General Council 1 At Whitehall, 14th December 1648 B
- Council of Officers, 8th-11th January 1649
- Whitehall, 13th January 1649 General Council 1 a
- Part III.: Puritan Views of Liberty a
- I.: Some Principles of the Puritan Parties
- From John Saltmarsh, Smoke In the Temple (1646) B
- From J[ohn] G[oodwin], Independency God’s Verity (1647) a
- II.: The Law of Nature
- From William Ames, Conscience (1639) a
- III.: Religious Principles of Resistance
- Christian Obedience and Its Limits From Calvin’s Institution of Christian Religion (thomas Norton’s Translation) a
- Presbyterian Principles of Resistance From [samuel Rutherford], Lex, Rex (1644) a
- Independent Principles of Resistance From John Goodwin, Right and Might Well Met (1649) a
- IV.: The Law and the Gospel: Christian Liberty
- From Luther’s Commentary Upon Galatians (edition of 1644) a
- Milton On Christian Liberty
- V.: The Privileges of the Saints
- The Elect and the Reprobate From William Prynne, Anti-arminianism (1630) a
- The Millennium At Hand [hanserd Knollys], 1 a Glimpse of Sion’s Glory (1641) a
- The Rule of the Saints 1 Certain Queries Presented By Many Christian People (1649) a
- VI.: Liberty of Conscience
- Independent Position From the Ancient Bounds (1645) a
- Separatist Position From Roger Williams, the Bloody Tenent of Persecution 1 (1644) a
- VII.: Models of a Free Church
- The Power of the People From Thomas Goodwin and Philip Nye’s Introduction to John Cotton’s the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven (1644) a
- The Church Covenant From [richard Mather], an Apology For Church Covenant (1643) a
- From the Saints’ Apology (1644) a
- A Spiritual Church From William Dell, the Way of True Peace and Unity 1 (1649) a
- VIII.: Leveller Principles 1
- God and Man From John Lilburne, the Free-man’s Freedom Vindicated (1646) a
- An Appeal to Parliament From the Large Petition of the Levellers 1 (march 1647) B
- An Appeal to the People From Richard Overton, an Appeal From the Commons to the Free People (1647) a
- Parliament Once More From the Levellers’ Petition to the House of Commons, 1 11th September 1648. A
- Agreements of the People the History of the Second Agreement 1 From John Lilburne, Legal Fundamental Liberties (1649) a
- The Second Agreement of the People (1648) From John Lilburne, Foundations of Freedom a
- The Female of the Species From a Petition of Women, Affecters and Approvers of the Petition of Sept. 11, 1648 1 (5th May 1649) a
- Democracy In the City From London’s Liberties Or a Learned Argument of Law and Reason 1 (dec. 1650) a
- IX.: Digger Principles
- From the True Levellers’ Standard Advanced 1 (1649) a
- Appendix a
- A.: the Spirit of the New Model
- 1.: Reports of Observers
- 2.: A Sermon At Putney From Thomas Collier, a Discovery of the New Creation a (preached At the Headquarters, Putney, 29th Sept. 1647)
- B.: the Army Organizes: May—june 1647
- 3.: Apology of the Soldiers to Their Officers 1 (3rd May ) a
- 4.: Advertisements For the Managing of the Counsels of the Army, 1 Walden, 4th May 1647 B
- 5.: From the Grievances of Regiments, Presented At Saffron Walden, 13th-14th May a
- 6.: Letters to the Agitators 1
- 7.: From a Solemn Engagement of the Army 1 (5 Th June ) a
- 8.: From a Representation of the Army (14th June) a
- C.: The Reading Debates
- 9.: Summary, With Selections, of the Debate In the General Council of the Army, At Reading, 16th July 1647, On the Proposals of the Agitators For Five Points to Be Insisted On By the Army and Enforced By a March On London a
- 10.: Account of the Debate, In a Newsletter From Reading, B 17 Th July.
- D.: Documents Relating to the Putney Debates
- 13.: From the Heads of the Proposals a
- 14.: The Levellers’ Discontent With the Heads of the Proposals From [john Wildman], Putney Projects a
- 15.: From [john Wildman], the Case of the Army Truly Stated a 15th Oct.
- 16.: A Letter From the Agents to the Whole Soldiery From Two Letters From the Agents of the Five Regiments (28th Oct.) a
- 17.: Letter of John Saltmarsh to the Council of War (28th Oct.) a
- 18.: From a Call to All the Soldiers of the Army By the Free People of England 1 (29 Th Oct.) a
- 19.: An Agreement of the People ( Printed 3rd Nov.) a
- 20.: Summary (with Quotation) of the Reports of the Committee On the Army’s Papers and the Agreement of the People a
- 21.: Proceedings In the General Council, 4th-9th Nov. From a Letter From Several Agitators to Their Regiments (11th Nov.) a
- E.: Documents Relating to the Whitehall Debates
- 22.: Petition of 11th September 1648:
- 23.: From a Remonstrance of Fairfax and the Council of Officers 1 (16th November 1648) a
- 24.: History of the Second Agreement of the People:
- 25.: From the Declaration of the Army, On the March to London, 30th November 1648 a
- 26.: Text of the Second Agreement of the People:
- 27.: Summary of the Debates On the Agreement, In the Council of Officers, 16th December-6th January; and of the Examination of Elizabeth Poole On 29th December and 5th January. a
- 28.: The Levellers’ Dissatisfaction With the Debates From John Lilburne, a Plea For Common Right and Freedom (28th Dec. 1648) a
- F.: Retrospect
- 29.: From a Declaration of the English Army Now In Scotland, 2 1st Aug. 1650 a
- Notes On Text
Council of Officers, 8th-11th January 1649
[Final Debates on Settlement of Religion]
Mr [William] Erbury:j
Every man believes his God [to be the God] of all nations.
Those that do not own Jesus Christ as a second Person from the Father, yet, if you ask themk whether they have [fulfilled] this [condition of faith in God] through faith in Jesus Christ,a [declare that they have], acknowledging the man Jesus Christ as the person through whom God hath revealed himself.b
If any man do offend in relation to the civil injury of others, he is punishable by the laws.c
To what purpose will you give that liberty to the Jews and others to come in unless you grant them the exercise of their religion?
Captain [William] Butler:
Truth and light and knowledge haved still gone under the name of errors and heresies, and still they have put these Esau’s garments upon Jacob’s back. And in that regard (that for the most part truth and light goe under the name of error and heresy) we shall give occasion to our adversaries to rail against us in every pulpit; and [they will] make it their work not to discover truth and preach sound doctrine, but to rail against honest men.
You agree [to allow them to preach against beliefs], if you do but say they must instruct the people as well concerning what is truth as what is false. I would know what latitude you give them to rail [against persons] by this, or that.
[There is] a use for satisfaction of conscientious men in those words.f By our denying [the magistrate] compulsive power or restrictive power to [suppress] errors and heresies, we do allow they should be opposed with spiritual weapons.
We are now about an agreement, and as if the power were in our own hands, but if we labour for liberty [for ourselves], let us give it to others that are as dear to Christ as we are. [For an official ministry], let them preach what they will, they cannot touch me; only they touch me in my purse.
[I would know] whether they do by that go about to set up a state religion. Men should be called before they can teach publicly.
[On the Agreement as a Whole]
Of the three debates (8th, 10th, 11th January 1649) fragments only are reported. Their subject is the four clauses of Article IX of the final Agreement (for text, see p. 361, n. 26); the article was substituted for Article VII, clause 1, of the Agreement as originally drawn (pp. 361-2), which had been rejected (pp. 467-8). Of the debates on the civil settlement (16th December—6th January) little is reported save the votes. For a summary, and for an account of the examination of Elizabeth Poole (29th December and 5th January), see Appendix, pp. 467-71.
On Clause 3 (8th January). I omit headings of these fragments.
On Clause 4. Firth quotes Mercurius Pragmaticus (19th-26th December): ‘ . . . the Council of Mechanics at Whitehall . . . voted a toleration of all religions whatsoever, not excepting Turks nor Papists nor Jews.’ The Jews were seeking readmission to England on the terms which they enjoyed in the Netherlands.
On Clauses 1 and 2 (10th January).
[(j)] + uppon the 3d. Article, the last Article, That;
[(k-170 a)] tr hath revealed himself.
[170. (b)] + Debate uppon the last wordes. So as they abuse nott this Libertie;
[(c)] + uppon the 4th. Article concerning religion;
[(f)] + that;
[(g)] + Question uppon the matter concerning Religion.