413.: mill to ricardo3[Answered by 414] - David Ricardo, The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, Vol. 8 Letters 1819-June 1821 
The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, ed. Piero Sraffa with the Collaboration of M.H. Dobb (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2005). Vol. 8 Letters 1819-1821.
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First published by Cambridge University Press in 1951. Copyright 1951, 1952, 1955, 1973 by the Royal Economic Society. This edition of The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo is published by Liberty Fund, Inc., under license from the Royal Economic Society.
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mill to ricardo
[Answered by 414]
East India House 28th Decr. 1820
My Dear Sir
I saw Brougham on sunday morning who entrusted me with a commission to you; as it was a thing which he thought that, situated as he was, it was better that he should not write about. It seems that certain propositions have been made to you about the means of increasing your securities in regard to money which you have lent to a certain Irish Lord; and if I understand right about enlarging the loan. However, that is not what I have to write about. That is as follows—A proposition will be made to you, to add immediately three years certain to the two which still remain unexpired of the duration of your seat; for this, however, £3000, (or perhaps guineas) will be asked of you immediately. The 1000 £ or guineas was the rate per annum before. This, therefore, is a demand of the interest upon £3000 for two years in addition.
I have had a touch of the gout in both my feet. The pain has not been much; but it has lamed me, and this is the first day I have been at this house since wednesday se’ennight. I was able, even now, to walk but a little part of the way.
During my confinement at home I have been making good progress with my School Book of Political Economy. In fact I have got over all the knotty points; and, as I think, clearly; so that any body will understand them. Every thing, too, has come within a narrow compass, except money. So many different circumstances had to be noticed, on that subject, that it has been tedious to me in the writing; and occupies a considerable space. Of the whole subject, I have not much to consider, except the topic of consumption, including the doctrine of taxes.—I wish it may appear to you calculated to teach the science, easily and effectually. In that case I shall conclude that I have done a good service; as diffusing of knowledge is now the work of greatest importance.
There is to be in the next No. of the Edin. Rev. a sort of official manifesto of the Whigs on the subject of parliamentary reform; so Brougham named it, when he told me of it on sunday. It is from the Mackintoshian pen. You may therefore conceive what sort of a thing it will be. Brougham says the Whigs are too timid to do any thing that will be of any service, either to themselves or to the country.
They are always willing however to join in that cry of irreligion and sedition in the minds of the people, which they think the expedient best calculated for deterring a certain class of men from having recourse to the means of good government; and preserving to the aristocracy the power of doing what they please: that is carrying on an organized system of pillage upon the great body of the people; and as a necessary means to that end, preserving them in a state of as much ignorance, misery and vice, as they possibly can.
I am amused with the old-womanish imbecillity of the Whig addresses. They wish the people, if possible, to clamour for a change of ministers. If we keep the present ministers, they say, we shall have nothing but mischief and misery; they will go on misgoverning as they have misgoverned; and they will either excite the people to rebellion and all the horrors of civil war, or they will land us in despotism. On the other hand, if we can throw them out, and have a new ministry, we shall have every thing as we could wish; we shall have delightful measures of government, and the utmost prosperity to the people. What is this, but saying, what they call other people radicals for saying, that the parliament is good for nothing; that it is ready to do mischief in the hands of a bad minister, and does good only when it gets a minister to make it? That is to say, the parliament is a base, wicked tool, in the hands of ministers. This is the language of the addresses! This is the whig language for their own purposes! This they are very willing to applaud the government for sending Wooler and others to jail for printing.
Mean, dirty set!
I beg to present my best regards to Mrs. Ricardo and the young ladies, whom I long to see
Ever truly Yours