Front Page Titles (by Subject) TO M. BICKER. - The Works of John Adams, vol. 7 (Letters and State Papers 1777-1782)
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TO M. BICKER. - John Adams, The Works of John Adams, vol. 7 (Letters and State Papers 1777-1782) 
The Works of John Adams, Second President of the United States: with a Life of the Author, Notes and Illustrations, by his Grandson Charles Francis Adams (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1856). 10 volumes. Vol. 7.
Part of: The Works of John Adams, 10 vols.
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TO M. BICKER.
Amsterdam, 20 February, 1781.
Your questions to me to-day have induced me to communicate to you a copy of my commission.
You see that I have not the title of ambassador nor of minister plenipotentiary by virtue of this commission, nor have I, in express words, power to make a treaty of amity and commerce, much less a treaty of alliance offensive and defensive.
My power is to negotiate a loan; but it may be negotiated with any person or persons, bodies politic and corporate; and the congress promises in good faith to ratify and confirm whatever shall be done by me in the premises or relating thereto.
Dr. Franklin, Mr. Deane, and Mr. Lee, who made a treaty of amity and commerce and another treaty of alliance offensive and defensive with the King of France, had not, by their commission, the title of ambassadors nor of ministers plenipotentiary.
Now, if it is necessary to make a treaty in order to obtain a loan, I suppose I have power to do it; and accordingly I would readily enter into conferences upon the subject, and if we could agree on the terms, one article of which should be a loan, I would not hesitate to execute a treaty, and I should have no doubt of the ratification of congress.
You have, however, a copy of my commission, and you may judge for yourself how extensive the powers are which it contains. I have no objection to your showing it to such person or persons as you think proper, in confidence.
I have the honor to be, &c.