Front Page Titles (by Subject) EPILOGUE Benjamin Franklin Remarks at the Closing of the Federal Convention - Friends of the Constitution: Writings of the Other Federalists, 1787-1788
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EPILOGUE Benjamin Franklin Remarks at the Closing of the Federal Convention - Colleen A. Sheehan, Friends of the Constitution: Writings of the “Other” Federalists, 1787-1788 
Friends of the Constitution: Writings of the “Other” Federalists, 1787-1788, edited by Colleen A. Sheehan and Gary L. McDowell (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).
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17 September 1787
The following remarks were recorded by James Madison at the close of the Constitutional Convention. See James Madison, Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1966), 659. In addition, this account was also printed in the Newport Herald on 20 December and reprinted five times by 25 February 1788.
Whilst the last members were signing it [i.e., the Constitution] DoctrFranklin looking towards the Presidents Chair, at the back of which a rising sun happened to be painted, observed to a few members near him, that Painters had found it difficult to distinguish in their art a rising from a setting sun. I have said he, often and often in the course of the Session, and the vicisitudes of my hopes and fears as to its issue, looked at that behind the President without being able to tell whether it was rising or setting: But now at length I have the happiness to know that it is a rising and not a setting Sun.
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