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EDITORS’ NOTE - Colleen A. Sheehan, Friends of the Constitution: Writings of the “Other” Federalists, 1787-1788 
Friends of the Constitution: Writings of the “Other” Federalists, 1787-1788, edited by Colleen A. Sheehan and Gary L. McDowell (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).
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This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
In every instance, the pieces contained herein are presented in their entirety. While every essay in a particular series may not be included, those that are true to the original publication are reproduced here. Brackets are used to signify editorial insertions, which include the addition of missing or illegible text, and where necessary for clarity, the addition of first or full names. Missing text that has not been replaced is indicated by empty brackets [ ]. When necessary, obvious printer’s errors and grammatical infelicities (such as a subject-verb disagreement) have been corrected without notation. Generally eighteenth-century spelling and punctuation have been preserved.
Reference notes by the authors have been kept in the main text and are signified by their original symbols; editorial notes are indicated by a number. Editorial notation has been kept to a minimum.
We have relied heavily on the original newspaper and pamphlet versions of the essays. We have also drawn materials from the series edited by Merrill Jensen, John Kaminski, and Gaspare Saladino, Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution (Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1976), referred to herein as DH and then followed by volume number and page number; Jonathan Elliot’s Debates; Paul Leicester Ford’s Pamphlets on the Constitution of the United States and Essays on the Constitution of the United States; W. B. Allen’s George Washington: A Collection and Works of Fisher Ames: As Published by Seth Ames; James Madison’s Notes of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787; and J. Franklin Jameson’s Dictionary of United States History, 1492-1899.
In order to establish the context of the ratification debates, this volume includes citations to the Anti-Federalist writings contained in Herbert Storing’s The Complete Anti-Federalist (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981). For example, a reference to the criticism of the proposed judicial power by the Anti-Federalist “Brutus” will be indicated as follows: Storing, 2:9. The first number indicates in which of the seven volumes of The Complete Anti-Federalist the essays by “Brutus” appear (volume 2); the second number indicates the place of the essays within the particular volume (for example, the essays by “Brutus” are in the ninth selection in volume 2).
Because this work is designed for classroom use, wherever possible we have also made cross-references to the selection of Anti-Federalist writings designed for students’ use by W. B. Allen and Gordon Lloyd, eds., entitled The Essential Antifederalist (University Press of America, 1985). Herein it will be cited as Allen, followed by the appropriate page numbers.
Whenever applicable, in both Herbert Storing’s essay and the writings herein, the footnotes contain internal cross-references (Friends and page number) to provide further information or to refer the reader to the “other” Federalist Paper’s place in this volume.