Front Page Titles (by Subject) ON THE ORIGIN OF MAN. - The Writings of Hippocrates and Galen
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ON THE ORIGIN OF MAN. - Hippocrates, The Writings of Hippocrates and Galen 
The Writings of Hippocrates and Galen. Epitomised from the Original Latin translations, by John Redman Coxe (Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1846).
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ON THE ORIGIN OF MAN.
Haller, in his preface to this treatise (which, by some, is considered as a treatise “De Principiis”), speaks of the author as a man of genius (acuti ingenii; perhaps the term of a perverted imagination would better suit); and that, so far as he could judge, the system advocated is a combination of that of Heraclitus, with that of the Peripatetics. It sets off with an exposé of first principles, of which innate heat is regarded as the chief, immortal, and omniscient. A portion of it escaping into the universal space, constituted the ether of the ancients; whilst the residue combined with the three other elements. That portion attached to the earth, by the process of putrefaction, formed small coverings, which served to invest the various organs as they were respectively produced, viz.: bones, nerves, brain, heart, vessels, &c., the formation of which are all particularly noticed. Anatomical observations, of some importance, lead Haller to suppose the treatise was composed in the period of Herophilus, when the knowledge of anatomy had greatly enlarged. The name of artery is here perhaps first given to the aorta; and reference is made to the loss of voice in those whose throats are cut.
As to the general argument of the treatise, it consists, says Haller, of an account of the principles, generation, and formation of each individual part. Of the organs of sight, smell, and hearing. Of the influence of the number seven in birth, in acute diseases, in ulcers and inflammations, and in the completion of dentition.
Gardeil merely remarks of this treatise, that in some manuscripts it is distinguished by the title of the Beginning or Principles, which is most appropriate, since it embraces the doctrine of the origin of man; a physical formation, he remarks in a note, which will unquestionably be considered as very extraordinary,—the same nearly as that which appears in the first book of the treatise on diet or regimen. It is unnecessary to give more than the mere outline of its contents. Gardeil, in a note, says, “Devois-je me dispenser d’en donner la traduction?”
Preliminary remarks as to the connexion of every thing in nature with man and animals, in relation to life, health, disease, and death. Of the creation of the universe. Of heat or fire; its immortality and universality;—the ether of the ancients. Other principles, cold or earth, moisture or water, and dry or air, are merely secondary. How, by a circular movement, creation from these promoted. Formation of bone, ligaments, cartilage, nerve, membrane, vessels, fluids, the various hollow organs, as intestines, bladder, &c., and the different humours; external covering. Bone more fully elucidated. Brain, fat, spinal marrow, heart, lungs, liver, and other viscera. In what manner the air acts on the living system. Of the fœtal nutrition by suction; proofs of. Of the muscles. Some general propositions as to heat and cold, and on the nature of the blood, &c. Of the joints, the nails, the teeth, and of their nourishment, and that of all parts of the body. Of the dentes sapientiæ in the fourth septenary. Of the hair of the head, and other parts; late appearance of, on the chin, pubes, &c., explained. Of the organs of hearing, smell, sight; of voice and speech. Doctrine as to the number of months of pregnancy required to give vitality to the fœtus; how this knowledge was attained, from an examination of abortions induced by public women, and from information derived from them (some of which is confirmed to Gardeil, “par plusieurs mères d’un bon jugement;” and here Gardeil in a note remarks, that the mode of counting time by the author may greatly aid in lightening the difficulties that many have experienced, respecting the weeks of the celebrated prophecy of Daniel.) Some observations on seven, eight, nine, and ten month births. Of the numbers of critical days and periods of diseases. Remarks continued on the number seven.