Front Page Titles (by Subject) [ Letter from the Agitators into Wales. ] - The Clarke Papers. Selections from the Papers of William Clarke, vol. 1
The Online Library of Liberty
A project of Liberty Fund, Inc.
Search this Title:
[ Letter from the Agitators into Wales. ] - Sir William Clarke, The Clarke Papers. Selections from the Papers of William Clarke, vol. 1 
The Clarke Papers. Selections from the Papers of William Clarke, Secretary to the Council of the Army, 1647-1649, and to General Monck and the Commanders of the Army in Scotland, 1651-1660, ed. C.H. Firth (Camden Society, 1901). 4 vols.
About Liberty Fund:
Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals.
The text is in the public domain.
Fair use statement:
This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
[Letter from the Agitators into Wales.]
Honoured and Noble Friends and fellow Soldiers,
It being a time of contest for the just libertys of this Kingdom and Dominion annexed, with those unjust persons by whom they have been endeavoured to be subverted, wee, conceiving you lying under many of the same pressures as we doe, and so have just cause of complaint, and if so as little hopes of being heard as we have had, whose just petitions have been obstructed and we declared against as enemys to the State, and our fellow subjects have had theirs burnt; all which shews how they and we have been slighted in our most humble addresses, which to us seems to be the highest infringment of our undoubted priviledges that ever was by any acted professing to maintain them; and when our most clear and fundamentall priviledges shall be deneyed us, what may wee or can we expect? And whether all our lesser rights may not and be not at the present, by the arbitrary acting of these men totally cutt off, we leave you to judge. Especially considering the time when this was done; even immediately after the dear redemption of those precious priviledges out of the hand of our former enemys, with the expence of so much blood and treasure; and that in this very juncture of time, when we were expecting to see and reap the fruit of all our weary travails, they by this should in effect tell us, and the Kingdom with us, we should never reap any of them, but that we who had fought to sett our Selves and a Kingdom free should now in the issue be more compleatly slaves than ever, not having so much liberty as to petition in case of greivances. And thus are we dealt with, and while an Army having power in our hands, and they occasion to make further use of us; therefore you need not wonder tho’ you hear of such actings amongst us which at first view may seem strange, yet assure your selves that we are but acted by the very same principall we were at the first, by which we then endeavoured to keep our selves and the kingdom from being ruined by the exorbitant actings of prerogative Power, and shall still oppose the like power in any acting to the like ends; and this is all we aim at and are acting towards at this day, that the unjust oppressions lying upon the subjects of this Kingdom and other parts adjoyning might be removed, and that the just rights of all estates and persons therein might be restored, settled, and maintained, and this we desire and endeavour for every individuall person thereof. Which as soon as we have attained, according to the ends for which we were at first raised, we shall with all readiness and willingness lay down arms, or make use of them elsewhere, as the Parliament shall think fitt; but not till then can we in order to our own and the Kingdom’s safety. And thus have we thought fitt to communicate our condition to you (dear Friends) that so you might rightly inform your selves and others to the end you might still, (as formerly to your honour you have had) a share in pleading and maintaining of the just freedom of the nation at such a time when they were so much in question; and (truly) then to come in to assert and defend them, when others were endeavouring to suppress them. It is that which will sett a badge of honour upon such a people to posterity, that you should have your part in redeeming the kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales from oppression and slavery, and your children yet unborn shall bless God for you; which if not, consider what a blott of infamy will lye on you and us to after ages, if we shall sitt still in such a time as this, when it shall be said by them lying under oppression, ‘Our predecessors had a prize in their hands, and an opportunity offered to have freed us from it and have made us happy, but woe to us, through their neglects they have lett it slip, and left us in misery.’
Friends, our earnest desire is that you would seriously weigh and consider things in the ballance of Judgement according to truth, and to that end take heed of all false representations of our persons or actions by the suggestions of any given in to you, and judge not according to appearance, but judge righteous judgement, and then doubt not but you shall have the assistance of a righteous God, who hath promised to do more for you than all the unrighteous men in the world are able to do against you, and also the concurrent assistance of all just and rational men; and we trust the appearances of God will be such upon us as we shall see those characters of himself engraven upon us, and amongst us, even judgement, truth, and righteousness; and the contrary to these (in his own time) removed, which both by you and us we hope shall be jointly endeavoured. In the doing of which the Lord direct us, in whom we bid you heartily farewell.
Yours to use, acting in behalf of the Army
|ROBERT KIRKBY Capt.||RICHd. DEAN Capt.||DENNIS PUDMER.|
|HENRY CANNON Capt.||FRA: ALLEN Capt.||DANIEL HINCHMAN.|
|HENRY LLOYD Capt.||EVAN MORGAN.||EDWARD GARNE.|
|JOHN PATERSON.||Wm. NEAL Capt.||NATH: FOTHERGILL.|
|FRANCIS WHEELER.||ABR. HOLMES Capt.||Wm. JONES.|
|EDMd. CHILLENDEN Lieut.||Jno MERRIMAN Capt.||JOSEPH ADAMS.|
|STEPHEN SHIPMAN Lt.||JOHN CLARKE Capt.||JOHN COOK.|
|JO: WALLINGTON Lt.||EDWd. SEXBY.||THO POND.|
|EDWd. SCOTTON Lt.||ARTHUR EVELIN Capt.||EDWd. TWIGG.|
|Wm. YOUNG.||JOHN TAYLOR.||ROBERT MASON.|
|THO: KENDALL.||PHILL. EATON.||RICHARD COLEBROOK.|
|JOHN PLEIGH.||THO: BUTTERSEY.||RALPH PRENTICE.|
|TOBIAS BOX.||NICH: LOCKYER.||HERBERT FEILD.|
|JOHN DOVER.||CONSt. FOX Lieut.|
|Wm. SYMONDS.||HENRY ANDERSON.|
|GEO. STANION.||ROBt. STALMAN.|
|JOHN BREAMEN.||RICHd. SALTER.|
|Wm. WILKINSON.||BARTH: WILCOCK.|
|EDWDd. VAUGHAN.||RICHd. CLARKE.|
To our Honoured Freinds our fellow Soldiers, and others of the well affected in North Wales. These.a
[a ]Compare the letter from the Agitators to the Masters of Trinity House, June 18, 1647. Cary, Memorials, i., 237; Lords’ Journals, ix., 284. There is also amongst the Clarke Papers a letter of the Agitators dated 6 July, printed as “A Declaration from the Agitators in the name of the whole Army under. His Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax (to their fellow-soldiers) of their Representations and Desires,” at the end of a pamphlet entitled “The King’s Majesty’s most Gracious Letter to his son James, Duke of York,” 1647.
There are also some other papers relating to Wales, and threatened disturbances there, in vol. xli. of the Clarke MSS. A paper delivered to Fairfax at St. Albans by Dr. Basset, on the grievances of Glamorganshire; a letter from Colonel Laugharne to Fairfax, June 18, 1647; the grievances of the County of Pembroke, articles against Colonel John Poyer, etc.