Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER CXII.: ENTITLED SURAT AL IḲHLÁS (DECLARATION OF GOD'S UNITY). Revealed at Makkah. - The Quran, vol. 4
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CHAPTER CXII.: ENTITLED SURAT AL IḲHLÁS (DECLARATION OF GOD’S UNITY). Revealed at Makkah. - Mohammed, The Quran, vol. 4 
A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran: Comprising Sale’s Translation and preliminary Discourse, with Additional Notes and Emendations (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co., 1896). 4 vols.
Part of: The Quran, 4 vols.
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ENTITLED SURAT AL IḲHLÁS (DECLARATION OF GOD’S UNITY).
“This chapter,” says Sale, “is held in particular veneration by the Muhammadans, and declared by a tradition of their Prophet to be equal in value to a third part of the whole Qurán. It is said to have been revealed in answer to the Quraish, who asked Muhammad concerning the distinguishing attributes of the God he invited them to worship.” Whether, as Muir seems to think, this is the confession of faith adopted by Muhammad immediately after his call to the prophetic office or not, it seems clearly to be one of the earliest chapters of the Qurán.
Probable Date of the Revelation.
Muir places this chapter among the earliest Makkan Suras. Noëldeke places it near the end of the first period, or about the fourth year of the Call. I agree with Muir, inasmuch as a creed of a later date would have been more diffuse in style.
IN THE NAME OF THE MOST MERCIFUL GOD.
[(1, 2) ]One God. See note on chap. ii. 164, and Prelim. Disc., pp. 118, 119, note.
[(3) ]He begetteth not. This is directed against the Makkan idolaters, who worshipped angels, whom they called “daughters of God.” See Prelim. Disc., pp. 38, 39.
[(4) ]This verse, with those which precede, expresses a Bible truth. The whole chapter is made up of Scriptural phrases.