Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER CIX.: ENTITLED SURAT AL KÁFIRÚN (THE UNBELIEVERS). Revealed at Makkah. - The Quran, vol. 4
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CHAPTER CIX.: ENTITLED SURAT AL KÁFIRÚN (THE UNBELIEVERS). Revealed at Makkah. - Mohammed, The Quran, vol. 4 
A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran: Comprising Sale’s Translation and preliminary Discourse, with Additional Notes and Emendations (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co., 1896). 4 vols.
Part of: The Quran, 4 vols.
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ENTITLED SURAT AL KÁFIRÚN (THE UNBELIEVERS).
This chapter contains the reply of Muhammad to certain of the Quraish who proposed a compromise between Islám and the ancient religion of Makkah, whereby he would concede to their gods an honourable place. Probably the occasion was like that of the lapse described in the notes on chap. xxii. 53.
Probable Date of the Revelation.
Noëldeke places this chapter near the end of the first period of Muhammad’s Makkan ministry, because it predicates a time when the Prophet could have had disputes with the idolaters, and a time after which they could have come to him with an offer of compromise. The date would therefore be about the fourth or fifth year of the Call.
IN THE NAME OF THE MOST MERCIFUL GOD.
∥ (1) Say: O unbelievers, (2) I will not worship that which ye worship; (3) nor will ye worship that which I worship. (4) Neither do I worship that which ye worship; (5) neither do ye worship that which I worship. (6) Ye have your religion, and I my religion.
[(1) ]O unbelievers. “It is said that certain of the Quraish once proposed to Muhammad, that if he would worship their gods for a year, they would worship his God for the same space of time; upon which this chapter was revealed.”—Sale.
[(2-6) ]“These verses,” says Muir, “breathe a spirit of uncompromising hostility to idolatry.”—Life of Mahomet, vol. ii. p. 141.