Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAPTER CVIII.: ENTITLED SURAT AL KAUTHAR (ABUNDANCE). Revealed at Makkah. - The Quran, vol. 4
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CHAPTER CVIII.: ENTITLED SURAT AL KAUTHAR (ABUNDANCE). Revealed at Makkah. - Mohammed, The Quran, vol. 4 
A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran: Comprising Sale’s Translation and preliminary Discourse, with Additional Notes and Emendations (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner, and Co., 1896). 4 vols.
Part of: The Quran, 4 vols.
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ENTITLED SURAT AL KAUTHAR (ABUNDANCE).
These three verses are said by the best authorities to have been revealed to comfort Muhammad on account of an insult offered him by al Ás Ibn Waíl, who called Muhammad a tailless man, i.e., one having no sons. The opinion of those, who regard the chapter to be Madínic, because they think it refers to the death of Muhammad’s son Ibrahím, is wrong. In such a case the taunt would be ridiculous.
Probable Date of the Revelations.
This chapter is one of the oldest in the Qurán, and therefore it must be placed among the early Makkan Suras.
IN THE NAME OF THE MOST MERCIFUL GOD.
[(1) ]Al Kauthar. “This word signifies abundance, especially of good, and thence the gift of wisdom and prophecy, the Qurán, the office of intercessor, &c. Or it may imply abundance of children, followers, and the like. It is generally, however, expounded of a river in Paradise of that name, whence the water is derived into Muhammad’s pond, of which the blessed are to drink before their admission into that place. According to a tradition of the Prophet’s, this river, wherein his Lord promised him abundant good, is sweeter than honey, whiter than milk, cooler than snow, and smoother than cream; its banks are of chrysolites, and the vessels to drink thereout of silver; and those who drink of it shall never thirst.”—Sale.
[(2) ]Slay the victims. “Which are to be sacrificed at the pilgrimage in the valley of Mina. Al Baidháwi explains the words thus: Pray with fervency and intense devotion, not out of hypocrisy; and slay the fatted camels and oxen, and distribute the flesh among the poor; for he says this chapter is the counterpart of the preceding, exhorting to those virtues which are opposite to the vices there condemned.”—Sale.