Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. XVII.—: HOW THE POST OF THE CHURCH ON WHICH BISHOP AIDAN WAS LEANING WHEN HE DIED, COULD NOT BE BURNT WHEN THE REST OF THE CHURCH WAS CONSUMED BY FIRE; AND OF HIS INWARD LIFE. - The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols.
CHAP. XVII.—: HOW THE POST OF THE CHURCH ON WHICH BISHOP AIDAN WAS LEANING WHEN HE DIED, COULD NOT BE BURNT WHEN THE REST OF THE CHURCH WAS CONSUMED BY FIRE; AND OF HIS INWARD LIFE. - Saint Bede, The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols. 
The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, in the original Latin, collated with the Manuscripts, and various printed editions, and accompanied by a new English translation of the Historical Works, and a Life of the Author. By the Rev. J.A. Giles (London: Whittaker and Co., 1843). * 8 vols.
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- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Primus.: Prologus.— Gloriosissimo Regi Ceolwulpho, Beda, Famulus Christi Et Presbyter.
- Cap. I.—: De Situ BritanniÆ Vel HiberniÆ, Et Priscis Earum Incolis.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Britanniam Primus Romanorum Caius Julius Adierit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Eandem Secundus Romanorum Claudius Adiens, Orcadas Etiam Insulas Romano Adjecerit Imperio; Sed Et Vespasianus Ab Eo Missus Vectam Quoque Insulam Romanis Subdiderit.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Lucius Britannorum Rex, Missis Ad Eleutherum Papam Literis, Christianum Se Fieri Petierit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut Severus Receptam BritanniÆ Partem Vallo a Cetera Distinxerit.
- Cap. VI.—: De Imperio Diocletiani, Et Ut Christianos Persecutus Sit.
- Cap. VII.—: Passio Sancti Albani Et Sociorum Ejus, Qui Eodem Tempore Pro Domino Sanguinem Fuderunt.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut, Hac Cessante Persecutione, Ecclesia In Britanniis Aliquantulum Usque Ad Tempora ArianÆ VesaniÆ Pacem Habuerit.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut, Regnante Gratiano, Maximus In Britannia Imperator Creatus, Cum Magno Exercitu Galliam Redierit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut, Arcadio Regnante, Pelagius Brito Contra Gratiam Dei Superba Bella Susceperit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut, Regnante Honorio, Gratianus Et Constantinus In Britannia Tyranni Creati, Et Mox Prior In Britannia, Secundus In Gallia Sint Interempti.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Britones a Scotis Vastati Pictisque Romanorum Auxilia QuÆsierint, Qui Secundo Venientes Murum Trans Insulam Fecerint; Sed Hoc Confestim a PrÆfatis Hostibus Interrupto, Majore Sint Calamitate Depressi.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut, Regnante Theodosio Minore, Cujus Tempore Palladius Ad Scotos In Christum Credentes Missus Est, Britones Ab Ætio Consule Auxilium Flagitantes Non Impetraverint.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Britones, Fame Famosa Coacti, Barbaros Suis E Finibus Pepulerint; Nec Mora, Frugum Copia, Luxuria, Pestilentia, Et Exterminium Gentis Secutum Sit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Invitata Britanniam Gens Anglorum Primo Quidem Adversarios Longius Ejecerit; Sed Non Multo Post, Juncto Cum His FŒdere, In Socios Arma Verterit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Britones Primam De Gente Anglorum Victoriam, Duce Ambrosio Romano Homine, Sumserint.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Germanus Episcopus Cum Lupo Britanniam Navigans Et Primo Maris Et Postmodum Pelagianorum Tempestatem Divina Virtute Sedaverit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Idem Filiam Tribuni CÆcam Illuminaverit, Ac Deinde Ad Sanctum Albanum Perveniens Reliquias Ibidem Et Ipsius Acceperit, Et Beatorum Apostolorum Sive Aliorum Martyrum Posuerit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Idem Causa Infirmitatis Ibidem Detentus, Et Incendia Domorum Orando Restinxerit, Et Ipse Per Visionem a Suo Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut Iidem Episcopi Britonibus In Pugna Auxilium CŒleste Tulerint, Sicque Domum Reversi Sint.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut, Renascentibus Virgultis PelagianÆ Pestis, Germanus Cum Severo Britanniam Reversus, Prius Claudo Juveni Incessum, Deinde Et Populo Dei, Condemnatis Sive Emendatis HÆreticis, Gressum Recuperarit Fidei.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Britones, Quiescentibus Ad Tempus Exteris, Civilibus Sese Bellis Contriverint, Simul Et Majoribus Flagitiis Submerserint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Sanctus Papa Gregorius, Augustinum Cum Monachis Ad PrÆdicandum Genti Anglorum Mittens, Epistola Quoque Illos Exhortatoria, Ne a Laborando Cessarent, Confortaverit.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Arelatensi Episcopo Epistolam Pro Eorum Susceptione Miserit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut Veniens Britanniam Augustinus Primo In Insula Taneto Regi Cantuariorum PrÆdicaret; Et Sic, Accepta Ab Eo Licentia, Cantiam PrÆdicaturus Intraverit.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Idem In Cantia PrimitivÆ EcclesiÆ Et Doctrinam Sit Imitatus Et Vitam, Atque In Urbe Regis Sedem Episcopatus Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Factus Gregorio PapÆ QuÆ Sint BritanniÆ Gesta Mandarit, Et Simul Necessariis Ejus Responsa Petens Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut Papa Gregorius Epistolam Arelatensi Episcopo, Pro Adjuvando In Opere Dei Augustino, Miserit.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Idem Augustino Pallium, Et Epistolam, Et Plures Verbi Ministros, Miserit.
- Cap. XXX.—: Exemplar EpistolÆ, Quam Mellito Abbati Britanniam Pergenti Misit.
- Cap. XXXI.—: Ut Augustinum Per Litteras, Ne De Virtutibus Suis Gloriaretur, Hortatus Sit.
- Cap. XXXII.—: Ut Ethelberto Regi Literas Et Dona Miserit.
- Cap. XXXIII.—: Ut Augustinus Ecclesiam Salvatoris Instauraverit, Et Monasterium Beati Petri Apostoli Fecerit; Et De Primo Ejus Abbate Petro.
- Cap. XXXIV.—: Ut Ethelfridus, Rex Northanhumbrorum, Scotorum Gentes PrŒlio Conterens Ab Anglorum Finibus Expulerit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. Book I
- Preface.— to the Most Glorious King Ceolwulph, Rede, the Servant of Christ and Priest.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Situation of Britain and Ireland, and of Their Ancient Inhabitants.
- Chap. II.—: Caius Julius CÆsar, the First Roman That Came Into Britain.
- Chap. III.—: Claudius, the Second of the Romans Who Came Into Britain, Brought the Islands Orcades Into Subjection to the Roman Empire; and Vespasian, Sent By Him, Reduced the Isle of Wight Under Their Dominion.
- Chap. IV.—: Lucius, King of Britain, Writing to Pope Eleutherus, Desires to Be Made a Christian.
- Chap. V.—: How the Emperor Severus Divided That Part of Britain Which He Subdued, From the Rest By a Rampart.
- Chap. VI.—: The Reign of Diocletian, and How He Persecuted the Christians.
- Chap. VII.—: The Passion of St. Alban and His Companions, Who At That Time Shed Their Blood For Our Lord.
- Chap. VIII.—: The Persecution Ceasing, the Church In Britain Enjoys Peace Till the Time of the Arian Heresy.
- Chap. IX.—: How During the Reign of Gratian, Maximus, Being Created Emperor In Britain, Returned Into Gaul With a Mighty Army.
- Chap. X.—: How In the Reign of Arcadius, Pelagius, a Briton, Insolently Impugned the Grace of God.
- Chap. XI.—: How During the Reign of Honorius, Gratian and Constantine Were Created Tyrants In Britain; and Soon After the Former Was Slain In Britain, and the Latter In Gaul.
- Chap. XII.—: The Britons, Being Ravaged By the Scots and Picts, Sought Succour From the Romans, Who, Coming a Second Time, Built a Wall Across the Island; But the Britons Being Again Invaded By the Aforesaid Enemies, Were Reduced to Greater Distress Than
- Chap. XIII.—: In the Reign of Theodosius the Younger, Palladius Was Sent to the Scots That Believed In Christ; the Britons Begging Assistance of Ætius, the Consul, Could Not Obtain It.
- Chap. XIV.—: The Britons, Compelled By Famine, Drove the Barbarians Out of Their Territories; Soon After There Ensued Plenty of Corn, Luxury, Plague, and the Subversion of the Nation.
- Chap. XV.—: The Angles Being Invited Into Britain, At First Obliged the Enemy to Retire to a Distance; But Not Long After, Joining In League With Them, Turned Their Weapons Upon Their Confederates.
- Chap. XVI.—: The Britons Obtained Their First Victory Over the Angles, Under the Command of Ambrosius, a Boman.
- Chap. XVII.—: How Germanus the Bishop, Sailing Into Britain With Lupus, First Quelled the Tempest of the Sea, and Afterwards That of the Pelagians, By Divine Power.
- Chap. XVIII.—: The Same Holy Man Gave Sight to the Blind Daughter of a Tribune, and Then Coming to St. Alban’s, There Received Some Relics of His, and Left Others of the Blessed Apostles, and Other Martyrs.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Same Holy Man, Being Detained There By an Indisposition, By His Prayers Quenched a Fire That Had Broken Out Among the Houses, and Was Himself Cured of His Distemper By a Vision.
- Chap. XX.—: How the Same Bishops Procured the Britons Assistance From Heaven In a Battle, and Then Returned Home.
- Chap. XXI.—: The Pelagian Heresy Again Reviving, Germanus, Returning Into Britain With Severus, First Healed a Lame Youth, Then Having Condemned Or Converted the Heretics, They Restored Spiritual Health to the People of God.
- Chap. XXII.—: The Britons, Being For a Time Delivered From Foreign Invasions, Wasted Themselves By Civil Wars, and Then Gave Themselves Up to More Heinous Crimes.
- Chap. XXIII.—: How Pope Gregory Sent Augustine, With Other Monks, to Preach to the English, and Encouraged Them By a Letter of Exhortation, Not to Cease From Their Labour.
- Chap. XXIV.—: How He Wrote to the Bishop of Arles to Entertain Them.
- Chap. XXV.—: Augustine, Coming Into Britain, First Preached In the Isle of Thanet to King Ethelbert, and Having Obtained Licence, Entered the Kingdom of Kent, In Order to Preach Therein.
- Chap. XXVI.—: St. Augustine In Kent Followed the Doctrine and Manner of Living of the Primitive Church, and Settled His Episcopal See In the Royal City.
- Chap. XXVII.—: St. Augustine, Being Made Bishop, Sends to Acquaint Pope Gregory With What Had Been Done, and Receives His Answer to the Doubts He Had Proposed to Him.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Pope Gregory Writes to the Bishop of Arles to Assist Augustine In the Work of God.
- Chap. XXIX.—: The Same Pope Sends Augustine the Pall, an Epistle, and Several Ministers of the Word.
- Chap. XXX.—: A Copy of the Letter Which Pope Gregory Sent to the Abbot Mellitus, Then Going Into Britain.
- Chap. XXXI.—: Pope Gregory, By Letter, Exhorts Augustine Not to Glory In His Miracles.
- Chap. XXXII.—: Pope Gregory Sends Letters and Presents to King Ethelbert.
- Chap. XXXIII.—: Augustine Repairs the Church of Our Saviour, and Builds the Monastery of St. Peter the Apostle; Peter the First Abbot of the Same.
- Chap. XXXIV.—: Ethelfrid, King of the Northumbrians, Having Vanquished the Nations of the Scots, Expels Them From the Territories of the English.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Secundus.
- Cap. I. De Obitu Beati PapÆ Gregorii.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Augustinus Britonum Episcopos Pro Pace Catholica, Etiam Miraculo CŒlesti Coram Eis Facto, Monuerit; QuÆve Illos Spernentes Ultio Secuta Sit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Mellitum Ac Justum Episcopos Fecerit; Et De Obitu Ejus.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Laurentius Cum Coepiscopis Suis Scotos Unitatem SanctÆ EcclesiÆ, Et Maxime In Pascha Observando, Sequi Monuerit, Et Ut Mellitus Romam Venerit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut, Defunctis Ethelberto Et Saberto Regibus, Successores Eorum Idololatriam Resuscitarint, Ob Quod Et Mellitus Ac Justus a Britannia Discesserint.
- Cap. VI.—: Ut Correptus Ab Apostolo Petro Laurentius Eadbaldum Regem Ad Christum Converterit, Qui Mox Mellitum Et Justum Ad PrÆdicandum Revocaverit.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Mellitus Episcopus Flammas Ardentis SuÆ Civitatis Orando Restrinxerit.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Bonifacius Papa Justo Successori Ejus Pallium Et Epistolam Miserit.
- Cap. IX.—: De Imperio Regis Edwini, Et Ut Veniens Ad Evangelizandum Ei Paulinus Primo Filiam Ejus Cum Aliis, Fidei ChristianÆ Sacramentis Imbuerit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Papa Bonifacius Eundem Regem, Missis Literis, Sit Hortatus Ad Fidem.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Conjugem Ipsius, Per Epistolam, Salutis Illius Sedulam Agere Curam Monuerit.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Edwinus Per Visionem Quondam Sibi Exsuli Ostensam Sit Ad Credendum Provocatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Quale Consilium Idem Cum Primatibus Suis De Percipienda Fide Christi Habuerit; Et Ut Pontifex Ejus Suas Aras Profanaverit.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Idem Edwinus Cum Sua Gente Fidelis Sit Factus; Et Ubi Paulinus Baptizaverit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Provincia Orientalium Anglorum Fidem Christi Susceperit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Paulinus In Provincia Lindissi PrÆdicaverit; Et De Qualitate Regni Edwini.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Idem Ab Honorio Papa Exhortatorias Literas Acceperit, Qui Etiam Paulino Pallium Miserit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Honorius, Qui Justo In Episcopatum Dorovernensis EcclesiÆ Successit, Ab Eodem Papa Honorio Pallium Et Literas Acceperit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Primo Idem Honorius, Et Post Joannes, Literas Genti Scotorum Pro Pascha Simul Et Pro Pelagiana HÆresi Miserit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Occiso Edwino, Paulinus Cantiam Rediens, Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book II.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Death of the Blessed Pope Gregory.
- Chap. II.—: Augustine Admonished the Bishops of the Britons to Catholic Peace and Unity, and to That Effect Wrought a Heavenly Miracle In Their Presence; of the Vengeance That Pursued Them For Their Contempt.
- Chap. III.—: How St. Augustine Made Mellitus and Justus Bishops; and of His Death.
- Chap. IV.—: Laurentius and His Bishops Admonish the Scots to Observe the Unity of the Holy Church, Particularly In Keeping of Easter; Mellitus Goes to Rome.
- Chap. V.—: How, After the Death of the Kings Ethelbert and Sabert, Their Successors Restored Idolatry; For Which Reason, Both Mellitus and Justus Departed Out of Britain.
- Chap. VI.—: Laurentius, Being Reproved By the Apostle, Converts King Eadbald to Christ; Mellitus and Justus Are Recalled.
- Chap. VII.—: Bishop Mellitus By Prayer Quenches a Fire In His City.
- Chap. VIII.—: Pope Boniface Sends the Pall and an Epistle to Justus, Successor to Mellitus.
- Chap. IX.—: The Reign of King Edwin, and How Paulinus, Coming to Preach the Gospel, First Converted His Daughter and Others to the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. X.—: Pope Boniface, By Letter, Exhorts the Same King to Embrace the Faith.
- Chap. XI.—: Pope Boniface Advises Queen Ethelberga to Use Her Best Endeavours For the Salvation of Her Consort, King Edwin.
- Chap. XII.—: King Edwin Is Persuaded to Believe, By a Vision He Had Seen When He Was In Exile.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of the Council He Held With His Chief Men About Embracing the Faith of Christ, and How the High Priest Profaned His Own Altars.
- Chap. XIV.—: King Edwin and His Nation Become Christians; Paulinus Baptizes Them.
- Chap. XV.—: The Province of the East Angles Receives the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. XVI.—: How Paulinus Preached In the Province of Lindsey; and of the Reign of Edwin.
- Chap. XVII.—: Edwin Receives Letters of Exhortation From Pope Honorius, Who Also Sends Paulinus the Pall.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Honorius, Who Succeeded Justus In the Bishopric of Canterbury, Receives the Pall and Letters From Pope Honorius.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Aforesaid Honorius First, and Afterwards John, Wrote Letters to the Nation of the Scots, Concerning the Observance of Easter, and the Pelagian Heresy.
- Chap. XX.—: Edwin Being Slain, Paulinus Returns Into Kent, and Has the Bishopric of Rochester Conferred On Him.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Tertius.
- Cap. I.—: Ut Primi Successores Edwini Regis Et Fidem SuÆ Gentis Prodiderunt, Et Regnum Porro Oswaldus Christianissimus Rex Utrumque Restauravit.
- Cap. II.—: Ut De Ligno Crucis, Quod Idem Rex Contra Barbaros Pugnaturus Erexerat, Inter Innumera Sanitatum Miracula, Quidam a Dolentis Brachii Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Rex, Postulans De Gente Scotorum Antistitem, Acceperit Aidanum, Eidemque In Insula Lindisfarnensi Sedem Episcopatus Donaverit.
- Cap. IV.—: Quando Gens Pictorum Fidem Christi Perceperit.
- Cap. V.—: De Vita Aidani Episcopi.
- Cap. VI.—: De Religione Ac Pietate Miranda Oswaldi Regis.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Provincia Occidentalium Saxonum Verbum Dei, PrÆdicante Birino, Susceperit; Et De Successoribus Ejus Agilberto Et Eleutherio.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Rex Cantuariorum Earconbertus Idola Destrui PrÆceperit; Et De Filia Ejus Ercongota Et Propinqua Ethelberga, Sacratis Deo Virginibus.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut In Loco, In Quo Occisus Est Rex Oswaldus, Crebra Sanitatum Miracula Facta; Utque Ibi Primo Jumentum Cujusdam Viantis, Ac Deinde Puella Paralytica Sit Curata.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Pulvis Loci Illius Contra Ignem Valuerit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Super Reliquias Ejus Lux CŒlestis Tota Nocte Steterit; Et Ut Per Eas Sint DÆmoniaci Curati.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Ad Tumbam Ejus Sit Puerulus E Febre Curatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut In Hibernia Sit Quidam Per Reliquias Ejus a Mortis Articulo Revocatus.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut, Defuncto Paulino, Ithamar Pro Eo Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit; Et De Humilitate Mirabili Regis Oswini, Qui Ab Oswio Crudeli CÆde Peremtus Est.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Episcopus Aidanus Nautis Et Tempestatem Futuram PrÆdixerit, Et Oleum Sanctum, Quo Hanc Sedarent, Dederit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Idem Admotum Ab Hostibus Urbi RegiÆ Ignem Orando Amoverit.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Apposta EcclesiÆ, Cui Idem Accumbens Obierat, Ardente Cetera Domo, Flammis Absumi Nequiverit; Et De Interna Vita Ejus.
- Cap. XVIII.—: De Vita Vel Morte Religiosi Regis Sigeberti.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Furseus Apud Orientales Anglos Monasterium Fecerit; Et De Visionibus Vel Sanctitate Ejus, Cui Etiam Caro Post Mortem Incorrupta Testimonium Perhibuerit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Defuncto Honorio, Pontificatu Sit Functus Deusdedit; Et Qui In Tempore Illo Orientalium Anglorum, Qui Rhofensis EcclesiÆ, Fuerint Antistites.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut Provincia Mediterraneorum Anglorum Sub Rege Peada Christiana Sit Facta.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Fidem Quam Dudum Abjecerant, Sub Rege Sigeberto, PrÆdicante Cedd, Receperint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Cedd Locum Monasterii Construendi Ab Ethelwaldo Rege Accipiens Orationibus Ac Jejuniis Domino Consecraverit; Et De Obitu Ipsius.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Provincia Merciorum, Occiso Rege Penda, Fidem Christi Susceperit: Et Oswius, Pro Adepta Victoria, Possessiones Et Territoria Ad Construenda Monasteria Dederit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut QuÆstio Sit Mota De Tempore PaschÆ Adversus Eos, Qui De Scotia Venerant.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Colmanus Victus Domum Redierit, Et Tuda Pro Illo Episcopatu Sit Functus; Qualisque Illis Doctoribus Fuerit Habitus EcclesiÆ.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Egbertus, Vir Sanctus De Natione Anglorum, Monachicam In Hibernia Vitam Duxerit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut, Defuncto Tuda, Wilfridus In Gallia, Ceadda Apud Occidentales Saxones, In Provincia Northanhumbrorum Sint Ordinati Episcopi.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Wighardus Presbyter, Ordinandus In Archiepiscopum, Roman De Britannia Sit Missus; Quem Remissa Mox Scripta PapÆ Apostolici Ibidem Obiisse Narraverint.
- Cap. XXX.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Tempore Mortalitatis Ad Idololatriam Reversi, Sed Per Instantiam Jarumanni Episcopi Mox Sint Ab Errore Correcti.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book III.
- Chap. I.—: How King Edwin’s Next Successors Lost Both the Faith of Their Nation and the Kingdom; But the Most Christian King Oswald Retrieved Both.
- Chap. II.—: How Among Innumerable Other Miraculous Cures Wrought By the Cross, Which King Oswald, Being Ready to Engage Against the Barbarians, Erected, a Certain Youth Had His Lame Arm Healed.
- Chap. III.—: The Same King Oswald, Asking a Bishop of the Scottish Nation, Had Aidan Sent Him, and Granted Him an Episcopal See In the Isle of Lindisfarne.
- Chap. IV.—: When the Nation of the Picts Received the Faith.
- Chap. V.—: Of the Life of Bishop Aidan.
- Chap. VI.—: Of King Oswald’s Wonderful Piety.
- Chap. VII.—: How the West Saxons Received the Word of God By the Preaching of Birinus; and of His Successors, Agilbert and Eleutherius.
- Chap. VIII.—: How Earconbert, King of Kent, Ordered the Idols to Be Destroyed; and of His Daughter Earcongota, and His Kinswoman Ethelberga, Virgins Consecrated to God.
- Chap. IX.—: How Miraculous Cures Have Been Frequently Done In the Place Where King Oswald Was Killed; and How First, a Traveller’s Horse Was Restored, and Afterwards a Young Girl Cured of a Palsy.
- Chap. X.—: The Power of the Earth of That Place Against Fire.
- Chap. XI.—: Of the Heavenly Light That Appeared All the Night Over the Bones of King Oswald, and How Persons Possessed With Devils Were Delivered By Them.
- Chap. XII.—: Of a Boy Cured of an Ague At St. Oswald’s Tomb.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of a Certain Person In Ireland That Was Recovered, When At the Point of Death, By the Bones of King Oswald.
- Chap. XIV.—: On the Death of Paulinus, Ithamar Was Made Bishop of Rochester In His Stead, of the Wonderful Humility of King Oswin, Who Was Cruelly Slain By Oswy.
- Chap. XV.—: How Bishop Aidan Foretold to Certain Seamen a Storm That Would Happen, and Gave Them Some Holy Oil to Lay It.
- Chap. XVI.—: How the Same Aidan, By His Prayers, Saved the Royal City When Fired By the Enemy.
- Chap. XVII.—: How the Post of the Church On Which Bishop Aidan Was Leaning When He Died, Could Not Be Burnt When the Rest of the Church Was Consumed By Fire; and of His Inward Life.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Of the Life and Death of the Religious King Sigebert.
- Chap. XIX.—: How Fursey Built a Monastery Among the East Angles, and of His Visions and Sanctity, of Which, His Flesh Remaining Uncorrupted After Death, Bore Testimony.
- Chap. XX.—: Honorius Dying, Deusdedit Is Chosen Archbishop of Canterbury, of Those Who Were At That Time Bishops of the East Angles, and of the Church of Rochester.
- Chap. XXI.—: How the Province of the Midland Angles Became Christian Under King Peada.
- Chap. XXII.—: How the East Saxons Again Received the Faith, Which They Had Before Cast Off Under King Sigebert, Through the Preaching of Cedd.
- Chap. XXIII.—: Bishop Cedd, Having a Place Given Him By King Ethelwald, Consecrates the Same to Our Lord With Prayer and Fasting. of His Death.
- Chap. XXIV.—: King Penda Being Slain, the Mercians Received the Faith of Christ, and Oswy Gave Possessions and Territories to God, For Building Monasteries, In Acknowledgment For the Victory Obtained.
- Chap. XXV.—: How the Controversy Arose About the Due Time of Keeping Easter, With Those That Came Out of Scotland.
- Chap. XXVI.—: Colman, Being Worsted, Returned Home; Tuda Succeeded Him In the Bishopric; the State of the Church Under Those Teachers.
- Chap. XXVII.—: Egbert, a Holy Man of the English Nation, Led a Monastic Life In Ireland.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Tuda Being Dead, Wilfrid Was Ordained, In France, and Ceadda, In the Province of the West Saxons, to Be Bishops of the Northumbrians.
- Chap. XXIX.—: How the Priest Wighard Was Sent From Britain to Rome, to Be Consecrated Archbishop, of His Death There, and of the Letters of the Apostolic Pope Giving an Account Thereof.
- Chap. XXX.—: The East Saxons, During a Pestilence, Returning to Idolatry, Are Immediately Brought Back From Their Error By the Bishop Jaruman.
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HOW THE POST OF THE CHURCH ON WHICH BISHOP AIDAN WAS LEANING WHEN HE DIED, COULD NOT BE BURNT WHEN THE REST OF THE CHURCH WAS CONSUMED BY FIRE; AND OF HIS INWARD LIFE.
Aidan’s death. 651.
Aidan was in the king’s country-house, not far from the city of which we have spoken above, at the time when death separated him from his body, after he had been bishop sixteen years; for having a church and a chamber there, he was wont often to go and stay there, and to make excursions to preach in the country round about, which he likewise did at other of the king’s country-seats, having nothing of his own besides his church and a few fields about it. When he was sick they set up a tent for him close to the wall at the west end of the church, by which means it happened that he gave up the ghost, leaning against a post that was on the outside to strengthen the wall. He died in the seventeenth year of his episcopacy, the last day of the month of August. His body was thence translated to the isle of Lindisfarne, and buried in the churchyard belonging to the brethren. Some time after, when a larger church was built there, and dedicated in honour of the most blessed prince of the apostles, his bones were translated thither, and deposited on the right hand of the altar, with the respect due to so great a prelate.
Finan, who had likewise come from the same monastery of Hii in the Scottish island, succeeded him, and continued a considerable time in the bishopric. It happened some years after, that Penda, king of the Mercians, coming into these parts with a hostile army, destroyed all he could with fire and sword, and burned down the village and church above mentioned, where the bishop died; but it fell out in a wonderful manner that the post, which he had leaned upon when he died, could not be consumed by the fire which consumed all about it. This miracle being taken notice of, the church was soon rebuilt in the same place, and that very post was set up on the outside, as it had been before, to strengthen the wall. It happened again, some time after, that the same village and church were burned down the second time, and even then the fire could not touch that post; and when in a most miraculous manner the fire broke through the very holes in it wherewith it was fixed to the building, and destroyed the church, yet it could do no hurt to the said post. The church being therefore built there the third time, they did not, as before, place that post on the outside as a support, but within, as a memorial of the miracle; and the people coming in were wont to kneel there, and implore the Divine mercy. And it is manifest that since then many have been healed in that same place, as also that chips being cut off from that post, and put into water, have healed many from their distempers.
I have written thus much concerning the person and works of the aforesaid Aidan, in no way commending or approving what he imperfectly understood in relation to the observance of Easter; nay, very much detesting the same, as I have most manifestly proved in the book I have written, “De Temporibus;” but, like an impartial historian, relating what was done by or with him, and commending such things as are praiseworthy in his actions, and preserving the memory thereof for the benefit of the readers; viz. his love of peace and charity; his continence and humility; his mind superior to anger and avarice, and despising pride and vainglory; his industry in keeping and teaching the heavenly commandments; his diligence in reading and watching; his authority becoming a priest in reproving the haughty and powerful, and at the same time his tenderness in comforting the afflicted, and relieving or defending the poor. To say all in a few words, as near as I could be informed by those that knew him, he took care to omit none of those things which he found in the apostolical or prophetic writings, but to the utmost of his power endeavoured to perform them all.
These things I much love and admire in the aforesaid bishop; because I do not doubt that they were pleasing to God; but I do not praise or approve his not observing Easter at the proper time, either through ignorance of the canonical time appointed, or, if he knew it, being prevailed on by the authority of his nation, not to follow the same. Yet this I approve in him, that in the celebration of his Easter, the object which he had in view in all he said, did, or preached, was the same as ours, that is, the redemption of mankind, through the passion, resurrection and ascension into heaven of the man Jesus Christ, who is the Mediator betwixt God and man. And therefore he always celebrated the same, not as some falsely imagine, on the fourteenth moon, like the Jews, whatsoever the day was, but on the Lord’s day, from the fourteenth to the twentieth moon; and this he did from his belief of the resurrection of our Lord happening on the day after the Sabbath, and for the hope of our resurrection, which also he, with the holy Church, believed would happen on the same day after the Sabbath, now called the Lord’s day.