Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. I.—: OF THE DEATH OF THE BLESSED POPE GREGORY. - The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols.
CHAP. I.—: OF THE DEATH OF THE BLESSED POPE GREGORY. - Saint Bede, The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols. 
The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, in the original Latin, collated with the Manuscripts, and various printed editions, and accompanied by a new English translation of the Historical Works, and a Life of the Author. By the Rev. J.A. Giles (London: Whittaker and Co., 1843). * 8 vols.
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- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Primus.: Prologus.— Gloriosissimo Regi Ceolwulpho, Beda, Famulus Christi Et Presbyter.
- Cap. I.—: De Situ BritanniÆ Vel HiberniÆ, Et Priscis Earum Incolis.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Britanniam Primus Romanorum Caius Julius Adierit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Eandem Secundus Romanorum Claudius Adiens, Orcadas Etiam Insulas Romano Adjecerit Imperio; Sed Et Vespasianus Ab Eo Missus Vectam Quoque Insulam Romanis Subdiderit.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Lucius Britannorum Rex, Missis Ad Eleutherum Papam Literis, Christianum Se Fieri Petierit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut Severus Receptam BritanniÆ Partem Vallo a Cetera Distinxerit.
- Cap. VI.—: De Imperio Diocletiani, Et Ut Christianos Persecutus Sit.
- Cap. VII.—: Passio Sancti Albani Et Sociorum Ejus, Qui Eodem Tempore Pro Domino Sanguinem Fuderunt.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut, Hac Cessante Persecutione, Ecclesia In Britanniis Aliquantulum Usque Ad Tempora ArianÆ VesaniÆ Pacem Habuerit.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut, Regnante Gratiano, Maximus In Britannia Imperator Creatus, Cum Magno Exercitu Galliam Redierit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut, Arcadio Regnante, Pelagius Brito Contra Gratiam Dei Superba Bella Susceperit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut, Regnante Honorio, Gratianus Et Constantinus In Britannia Tyranni Creati, Et Mox Prior In Britannia, Secundus In Gallia Sint Interempti.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Britones a Scotis Vastati Pictisque Romanorum Auxilia QuÆsierint, Qui Secundo Venientes Murum Trans Insulam Fecerint; Sed Hoc Confestim a PrÆfatis Hostibus Interrupto, Majore Sint Calamitate Depressi.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut, Regnante Theodosio Minore, Cujus Tempore Palladius Ad Scotos In Christum Credentes Missus Est, Britones Ab Ætio Consule Auxilium Flagitantes Non Impetraverint.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Britones, Fame Famosa Coacti, Barbaros Suis E Finibus Pepulerint; Nec Mora, Frugum Copia, Luxuria, Pestilentia, Et Exterminium Gentis Secutum Sit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Invitata Britanniam Gens Anglorum Primo Quidem Adversarios Longius Ejecerit; Sed Non Multo Post, Juncto Cum His FŒdere, In Socios Arma Verterit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Britones Primam De Gente Anglorum Victoriam, Duce Ambrosio Romano Homine, Sumserint.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Germanus Episcopus Cum Lupo Britanniam Navigans Et Primo Maris Et Postmodum Pelagianorum Tempestatem Divina Virtute Sedaverit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Idem Filiam Tribuni CÆcam Illuminaverit, Ac Deinde Ad Sanctum Albanum Perveniens Reliquias Ibidem Et Ipsius Acceperit, Et Beatorum Apostolorum Sive Aliorum Martyrum Posuerit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Idem Causa Infirmitatis Ibidem Detentus, Et Incendia Domorum Orando Restinxerit, Et Ipse Per Visionem a Suo Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut Iidem Episcopi Britonibus In Pugna Auxilium CŒleste Tulerint, Sicque Domum Reversi Sint.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut, Renascentibus Virgultis PelagianÆ Pestis, Germanus Cum Severo Britanniam Reversus, Prius Claudo Juveni Incessum, Deinde Et Populo Dei, Condemnatis Sive Emendatis HÆreticis, Gressum Recuperarit Fidei.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Britones, Quiescentibus Ad Tempus Exteris, Civilibus Sese Bellis Contriverint, Simul Et Majoribus Flagitiis Submerserint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Sanctus Papa Gregorius, Augustinum Cum Monachis Ad PrÆdicandum Genti Anglorum Mittens, Epistola Quoque Illos Exhortatoria, Ne a Laborando Cessarent, Confortaverit.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Arelatensi Episcopo Epistolam Pro Eorum Susceptione Miserit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut Veniens Britanniam Augustinus Primo In Insula Taneto Regi Cantuariorum PrÆdicaret; Et Sic, Accepta Ab Eo Licentia, Cantiam PrÆdicaturus Intraverit.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Idem In Cantia PrimitivÆ EcclesiÆ Et Doctrinam Sit Imitatus Et Vitam, Atque In Urbe Regis Sedem Episcopatus Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Factus Gregorio PapÆ QuÆ Sint BritanniÆ Gesta Mandarit, Et Simul Necessariis Ejus Responsa Petens Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut Papa Gregorius Epistolam Arelatensi Episcopo, Pro Adjuvando In Opere Dei Augustino, Miserit.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Idem Augustino Pallium, Et Epistolam, Et Plures Verbi Ministros, Miserit.
- Cap. XXX.—: Exemplar EpistolÆ, Quam Mellito Abbati Britanniam Pergenti Misit.
- Cap. XXXI.—: Ut Augustinum Per Litteras, Ne De Virtutibus Suis Gloriaretur, Hortatus Sit.
- Cap. XXXII.—: Ut Ethelberto Regi Literas Et Dona Miserit.
- Cap. XXXIII.—: Ut Augustinus Ecclesiam Salvatoris Instauraverit, Et Monasterium Beati Petri Apostoli Fecerit; Et De Primo Ejus Abbate Petro.
- Cap. XXXIV.—: Ut Ethelfridus, Rex Northanhumbrorum, Scotorum Gentes PrŒlio Conterens Ab Anglorum Finibus Expulerit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. Book I
- Preface.— to the Most Glorious King Ceolwulph, Rede, the Servant of Christ and Priest.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Situation of Britain and Ireland, and of Their Ancient Inhabitants.
- Chap. II.—: Caius Julius CÆsar, the First Roman That Came Into Britain.
- Chap. III.—: Claudius, the Second of the Romans Who Came Into Britain, Brought the Islands Orcades Into Subjection to the Roman Empire; and Vespasian, Sent By Him, Reduced the Isle of Wight Under Their Dominion.
- Chap. IV.—: Lucius, King of Britain, Writing to Pope Eleutherus, Desires to Be Made a Christian.
- Chap. V.—: How the Emperor Severus Divided That Part of Britain Which He Subdued, From the Rest By a Rampart.
- Chap. VI.—: The Reign of Diocletian, and How He Persecuted the Christians.
- Chap. VII.—: The Passion of St. Alban and His Companions, Who At That Time Shed Their Blood For Our Lord.
- Chap. VIII.—: The Persecution Ceasing, the Church In Britain Enjoys Peace Till the Time of the Arian Heresy.
- Chap. IX.—: How During the Reign of Gratian, Maximus, Being Created Emperor In Britain, Returned Into Gaul With a Mighty Army.
- Chap. X.—: How In the Reign of Arcadius, Pelagius, a Briton, Insolently Impugned the Grace of God.
- Chap. XI.—: How During the Reign of Honorius, Gratian and Constantine Were Created Tyrants In Britain; and Soon After the Former Was Slain In Britain, and the Latter In Gaul.
- Chap. XII.—: The Britons, Being Ravaged By the Scots and Picts, Sought Succour From the Romans, Who, Coming a Second Time, Built a Wall Across the Island; But the Britons Being Again Invaded By the Aforesaid Enemies, Were Reduced to Greater Distress Than
- Chap. XIII.—: In the Reign of Theodosius the Younger, Palladius Was Sent to the Scots That Believed In Christ; the Britons Begging Assistance of Ætius, the Consul, Could Not Obtain It.
- Chap. XIV.—: The Britons, Compelled By Famine, Drove the Barbarians Out of Their Territories; Soon After There Ensued Plenty of Corn, Luxury, Plague, and the Subversion of the Nation.
- Chap. XV.—: The Angles Being Invited Into Britain, At First Obliged the Enemy to Retire to a Distance; But Not Long After, Joining In League With Them, Turned Their Weapons Upon Their Confederates.
- Chap. XVI.—: The Britons Obtained Their First Victory Over the Angles, Under the Command of Ambrosius, a Boman.
- Chap. XVII.—: How Germanus the Bishop, Sailing Into Britain With Lupus, First Quelled the Tempest of the Sea, and Afterwards That of the Pelagians, By Divine Power.
- Chap. XVIII.—: The Same Holy Man Gave Sight to the Blind Daughter of a Tribune, and Then Coming to St. Alban’s, There Received Some Relics of His, and Left Others of the Blessed Apostles, and Other Martyrs.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Same Holy Man, Being Detained There By an Indisposition, By His Prayers Quenched a Fire That Had Broken Out Among the Houses, and Was Himself Cured of His Distemper By a Vision.
- Chap. XX.—: How the Same Bishops Procured the Britons Assistance From Heaven In a Battle, and Then Returned Home.
- Chap. XXI.—: The Pelagian Heresy Again Reviving, Germanus, Returning Into Britain With Severus, First Healed a Lame Youth, Then Having Condemned Or Converted the Heretics, They Restored Spiritual Health to the People of God.
- Chap. XXII.—: The Britons, Being For a Time Delivered From Foreign Invasions, Wasted Themselves By Civil Wars, and Then Gave Themselves Up to More Heinous Crimes.
- Chap. XXIII.—: How Pope Gregory Sent Augustine, With Other Monks, to Preach to the English, and Encouraged Them By a Letter of Exhortation, Not to Cease From Their Labour.
- Chap. XXIV.—: How He Wrote to the Bishop of Arles to Entertain Them.
- Chap. XXV.—: Augustine, Coming Into Britain, First Preached In the Isle of Thanet to King Ethelbert, and Having Obtained Licence, Entered the Kingdom of Kent, In Order to Preach Therein.
- Chap. XXVI.—: St. Augustine In Kent Followed the Doctrine and Manner of Living of the Primitive Church, and Settled His Episcopal See In the Royal City.
- Chap. XXVII.—: St. Augustine, Being Made Bishop, Sends to Acquaint Pope Gregory With What Had Been Done, and Receives His Answer to the Doubts He Had Proposed to Him.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Pope Gregory Writes to the Bishop of Arles to Assist Augustine In the Work of God.
- Chap. XXIX.—: The Same Pope Sends Augustine the Pall, an Epistle, and Several Ministers of the Word.
- Chap. XXX.—: A Copy of the Letter Which Pope Gregory Sent to the Abbot Mellitus, Then Going Into Britain.
- Chap. XXXI.—: Pope Gregory, By Letter, Exhorts Augustine Not to Glory In His Miracles.
- Chap. XXXII.—: Pope Gregory Sends Letters and Presents to King Ethelbert.
- Chap. XXXIII.—: Augustine Repairs the Church of Our Saviour, and Builds the Monastery of St. Peter the Apostle; Peter the First Abbot of the Same.
- Chap. XXXIV.—: Ethelfrid, King of the Northumbrians, Having Vanquished the Nations of the Scots, Expels Them From the Territories of the English.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Secundus.
- Cap. I. De Obitu Beati PapÆ Gregorii.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Augustinus Britonum Episcopos Pro Pace Catholica, Etiam Miraculo CŒlesti Coram Eis Facto, Monuerit; QuÆve Illos Spernentes Ultio Secuta Sit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Mellitum Ac Justum Episcopos Fecerit; Et De Obitu Ejus.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Laurentius Cum Coepiscopis Suis Scotos Unitatem SanctÆ EcclesiÆ, Et Maxime In Pascha Observando, Sequi Monuerit, Et Ut Mellitus Romam Venerit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut, Defunctis Ethelberto Et Saberto Regibus, Successores Eorum Idololatriam Resuscitarint, Ob Quod Et Mellitus Ac Justus a Britannia Discesserint.
- Cap. VI.—: Ut Correptus Ab Apostolo Petro Laurentius Eadbaldum Regem Ad Christum Converterit, Qui Mox Mellitum Et Justum Ad PrÆdicandum Revocaverit.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Mellitus Episcopus Flammas Ardentis SuÆ Civitatis Orando Restrinxerit.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Bonifacius Papa Justo Successori Ejus Pallium Et Epistolam Miserit.
- Cap. IX.—: De Imperio Regis Edwini, Et Ut Veniens Ad Evangelizandum Ei Paulinus Primo Filiam Ejus Cum Aliis, Fidei ChristianÆ Sacramentis Imbuerit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Papa Bonifacius Eundem Regem, Missis Literis, Sit Hortatus Ad Fidem.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Conjugem Ipsius, Per Epistolam, Salutis Illius Sedulam Agere Curam Monuerit.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Edwinus Per Visionem Quondam Sibi Exsuli Ostensam Sit Ad Credendum Provocatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Quale Consilium Idem Cum Primatibus Suis De Percipienda Fide Christi Habuerit; Et Ut Pontifex Ejus Suas Aras Profanaverit.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Idem Edwinus Cum Sua Gente Fidelis Sit Factus; Et Ubi Paulinus Baptizaverit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Provincia Orientalium Anglorum Fidem Christi Susceperit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Paulinus In Provincia Lindissi PrÆdicaverit; Et De Qualitate Regni Edwini.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Idem Ab Honorio Papa Exhortatorias Literas Acceperit, Qui Etiam Paulino Pallium Miserit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Honorius, Qui Justo In Episcopatum Dorovernensis EcclesiÆ Successit, Ab Eodem Papa Honorio Pallium Et Literas Acceperit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Primo Idem Honorius, Et Post Joannes, Literas Genti Scotorum Pro Pascha Simul Et Pro Pelagiana HÆresi Miserit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Occiso Edwino, Paulinus Cantiam Rediens, Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book II.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Death of the Blessed Pope Gregory.
- Chap. II.—: Augustine Admonished the Bishops of the Britons to Catholic Peace and Unity, and to That Effect Wrought a Heavenly Miracle In Their Presence; of the Vengeance That Pursued Them For Their Contempt.
- Chap. III.—: How St. Augustine Made Mellitus and Justus Bishops; and of His Death.
- Chap. IV.—: Laurentius and His Bishops Admonish the Scots to Observe the Unity of the Holy Church, Particularly In Keeping of Easter; Mellitus Goes to Rome.
- Chap. V.—: How, After the Death of the Kings Ethelbert and Sabert, Their Successors Restored Idolatry; For Which Reason, Both Mellitus and Justus Departed Out of Britain.
- Chap. VI.—: Laurentius, Being Reproved By the Apostle, Converts King Eadbald to Christ; Mellitus and Justus Are Recalled.
- Chap. VII.—: Bishop Mellitus By Prayer Quenches a Fire In His City.
- Chap. VIII.—: Pope Boniface Sends the Pall and an Epistle to Justus, Successor to Mellitus.
- Chap. IX.—: The Reign of King Edwin, and How Paulinus, Coming to Preach the Gospel, First Converted His Daughter and Others to the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. X.—: Pope Boniface, By Letter, Exhorts the Same King to Embrace the Faith.
- Chap. XI.—: Pope Boniface Advises Queen Ethelberga to Use Her Best Endeavours For the Salvation of Her Consort, King Edwin.
- Chap. XII.—: King Edwin Is Persuaded to Believe, By a Vision He Had Seen When He Was In Exile.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of the Council He Held With His Chief Men About Embracing the Faith of Christ, and How the High Priest Profaned His Own Altars.
- Chap. XIV.—: King Edwin and His Nation Become Christians; Paulinus Baptizes Them.
- Chap. XV.—: The Province of the East Angles Receives the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. XVI.—: How Paulinus Preached In the Province of Lindsey; and of the Reign of Edwin.
- Chap. XVII.—: Edwin Receives Letters of Exhortation From Pope Honorius, Who Also Sends Paulinus the Pall.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Honorius, Who Succeeded Justus In the Bishopric of Canterbury, Receives the Pall and Letters From Pope Honorius.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Aforesaid Honorius First, and Afterwards John, Wrote Letters to the Nation of the Scots, Concerning the Observance of Easter, and the Pelagian Heresy.
- Chap. XX.—: Edwin Being Slain, Paulinus Returns Into Kent, and Has the Bishopric of Rochester Conferred On Him.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Tertius.
- Cap. I.—: Ut Primi Successores Edwini Regis Et Fidem SuÆ Gentis Prodiderunt, Et Regnum Porro Oswaldus Christianissimus Rex Utrumque Restauravit.
- Cap. II.—: Ut De Ligno Crucis, Quod Idem Rex Contra Barbaros Pugnaturus Erexerat, Inter Innumera Sanitatum Miracula, Quidam a Dolentis Brachii Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Rex, Postulans De Gente Scotorum Antistitem, Acceperit Aidanum, Eidemque In Insula Lindisfarnensi Sedem Episcopatus Donaverit.
- Cap. IV.—: Quando Gens Pictorum Fidem Christi Perceperit.
- Cap. V.—: De Vita Aidani Episcopi.
- Cap. VI.—: De Religione Ac Pietate Miranda Oswaldi Regis.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Provincia Occidentalium Saxonum Verbum Dei, PrÆdicante Birino, Susceperit; Et De Successoribus Ejus Agilberto Et Eleutherio.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Rex Cantuariorum Earconbertus Idola Destrui PrÆceperit; Et De Filia Ejus Ercongota Et Propinqua Ethelberga, Sacratis Deo Virginibus.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut In Loco, In Quo Occisus Est Rex Oswaldus, Crebra Sanitatum Miracula Facta; Utque Ibi Primo Jumentum Cujusdam Viantis, Ac Deinde Puella Paralytica Sit Curata.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Pulvis Loci Illius Contra Ignem Valuerit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Super Reliquias Ejus Lux CŒlestis Tota Nocte Steterit; Et Ut Per Eas Sint DÆmoniaci Curati.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Ad Tumbam Ejus Sit Puerulus E Febre Curatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut In Hibernia Sit Quidam Per Reliquias Ejus a Mortis Articulo Revocatus.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut, Defuncto Paulino, Ithamar Pro Eo Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit; Et De Humilitate Mirabili Regis Oswini, Qui Ab Oswio Crudeli CÆde Peremtus Est.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Episcopus Aidanus Nautis Et Tempestatem Futuram PrÆdixerit, Et Oleum Sanctum, Quo Hanc Sedarent, Dederit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Idem Admotum Ab Hostibus Urbi RegiÆ Ignem Orando Amoverit.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Apposta EcclesiÆ, Cui Idem Accumbens Obierat, Ardente Cetera Domo, Flammis Absumi Nequiverit; Et De Interna Vita Ejus.
- Cap. XVIII.—: De Vita Vel Morte Religiosi Regis Sigeberti.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Furseus Apud Orientales Anglos Monasterium Fecerit; Et De Visionibus Vel Sanctitate Ejus, Cui Etiam Caro Post Mortem Incorrupta Testimonium Perhibuerit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Defuncto Honorio, Pontificatu Sit Functus Deusdedit; Et Qui In Tempore Illo Orientalium Anglorum, Qui Rhofensis EcclesiÆ, Fuerint Antistites.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut Provincia Mediterraneorum Anglorum Sub Rege Peada Christiana Sit Facta.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Fidem Quam Dudum Abjecerant, Sub Rege Sigeberto, PrÆdicante Cedd, Receperint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Cedd Locum Monasterii Construendi Ab Ethelwaldo Rege Accipiens Orationibus Ac Jejuniis Domino Consecraverit; Et De Obitu Ipsius.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Provincia Merciorum, Occiso Rege Penda, Fidem Christi Susceperit: Et Oswius, Pro Adepta Victoria, Possessiones Et Territoria Ad Construenda Monasteria Dederit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut QuÆstio Sit Mota De Tempore PaschÆ Adversus Eos, Qui De Scotia Venerant.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Colmanus Victus Domum Redierit, Et Tuda Pro Illo Episcopatu Sit Functus; Qualisque Illis Doctoribus Fuerit Habitus EcclesiÆ.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Egbertus, Vir Sanctus De Natione Anglorum, Monachicam In Hibernia Vitam Duxerit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut, Defuncto Tuda, Wilfridus In Gallia, Ceadda Apud Occidentales Saxones, In Provincia Northanhumbrorum Sint Ordinati Episcopi.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Wighardus Presbyter, Ordinandus In Archiepiscopum, Roman De Britannia Sit Missus; Quem Remissa Mox Scripta PapÆ Apostolici Ibidem Obiisse Narraverint.
- Cap. XXX.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Tempore Mortalitatis Ad Idololatriam Reversi, Sed Per Instantiam Jarumanni Episcopi Mox Sint Ab Errore Correcti.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book III.
- Chap. I.—: How King Edwin’s Next Successors Lost Both the Faith of Their Nation and the Kingdom; But the Most Christian King Oswald Retrieved Both.
- Chap. II.—: How Among Innumerable Other Miraculous Cures Wrought By the Cross, Which King Oswald, Being Ready to Engage Against the Barbarians, Erected, a Certain Youth Had His Lame Arm Healed.
- Chap. III.—: The Same King Oswald, Asking a Bishop of the Scottish Nation, Had Aidan Sent Him, and Granted Him an Episcopal See In the Isle of Lindisfarne.
- Chap. IV.—: When the Nation of the Picts Received the Faith.
- Chap. V.—: Of the Life of Bishop Aidan.
- Chap. VI.—: Of King Oswald’s Wonderful Piety.
- Chap. VII.—: How the West Saxons Received the Word of God By the Preaching of Birinus; and of His Successors, Agilbert and Eleutherius.
- Chap. VIII.—: How Earconbert, King of Kent, Ordered the Idols to Be Destroyed; and of His Daughter Earcongota, and His Kinswoman Ethelberga, Virgins Consecrated to God.
- Chap. IX.—: How Miraculous Cures Have Been Frequently Done In the Place Where King Oswald Was Killed; and How First, a Traveller’s Horse Was Restored, and Afterwards a Young Girl Cured of a Palsy.
- Chap. X.—: The Power of the Earth of That Place Against Fire.
- Chap. XI.—: Of the Heavenly Light That Appeared All the Night Over the Bones of King Oswald, and How Persons Possessed With Devils Were Delivered By Them.
- Chap. XII.—: Of a Boy Cured of an Ague At St. Oswald’s Tomb.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of a Certain Person In Ireland That Was Recovered, When At the Point of Death, By the Bones of King Oswald.
- Chap. XIV.—: On the Death of Paulinus, Ithamar Was Made Bishop of Rochester In His Stead, of the Wonderful Humility of King Oswin, Who Was Cruelly Slain By Oswy.
- Chap. XV.—: How Bishop Aidan Foretold to Certain Seamen a Storm That Would Happen, and Gave Them Some Holy Oil to Lay It.
- Chap. XVI.—: How the Same Aidan, By His Prayers, Saved the Royal City When Fired By the Enemy.
- Chap. XVII.—: How the Post of the Church On Which Bishop Aidan Was Leaning When He Died, Could Not Be Burnt When the Rest of the Church Was Consumed By Fire; and of His Inward Life.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Of the Life and Death of the Religious King Sigebert.
- Chap. XIX.—: How Fursey Built a Monastery Among the East Angles, and of His Visions and Sanctity, of Which, His Flesh Remaining Uncorrupted After Death, Bore Testimony.
- Chap. XX.—: Honorius Dying, Deusdedit Is Chosen Archbishop of Canterbury, of Those Who Were At That Time Bishops of the East Angles, and of the Church of Rochester.
- Chap. XXI.—: How the Province of the Midland Angles Became Christian Under King Peada.
- Chap. XXII.—: How the East Saxons Again Received the Faith, Which They Had Before Cast Off Under King Sigebert, Through the Preaching of Cedd.
- Chap. XXIII.—: Bishop Cedd, Having a Place Given Him By King Ethelwald, Consecrates the Same to Our Lord With Prayer and Fasting. of His Death.
- Chap. XXIV.—: King Penda Being Slain, the Mercians Received the Faith of Christ, and Oswy Gave Possessions and Territories to God, For Building Monasteries, In Acknowledgment For the Victory Obtained.
- Chap. XXV.—: How the Controversy Arose About the Due Time of Keeping Easter, With Those That Came Out of Scotland.
- Chap. XXVI.—: Colman, Being Worsted, Returned Home; Tuda Succeeded Him In the Bishopric; the State of the Church Under Those Teachers.
- Chap. XXVII.—: Egbert, a Holy Man of the English Nation, Led a Monastic Life In Ireland.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Tuda Being Dead, Wilfrid Was Ordained, In France, and Ceadda, In the Province of the West Saxons, to Be Bishops of the Northumbrians.
- Chap. XXIX.—: How the Priest Wighard Was Sent From Britain to Rome, to Be Consecrated Archbishop, of His Death There, and of the Letters of the Apostolic Pope Giving an Account Thereof.
- Chap. XXX.—: The East Saxons, During a Pestilence, Returning to Idolatry, Are Immediately Brought Back From Their Error By the Bishop Jaruman.
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OF THE DEATH OF THE BLESSED POPE GREGORY.
Pope Gregory dies. 605.
At this time, that is, in the year of our Lord 605, the blessed Pope Gregory, after having most gloriously governed the Roman apostolic see thirteen years six months and ten days, died, and was translated to the eternal see of the heavenly kingdom. Of whom, in regard that he by his zeal converted our nation, the English, from the power of Satan to the faith of Christ, it behoves us to discourse more at large in our Ecclesiastical History, for we may and ought rightly to call him our apostle; because, whereas he bore the pontifical power over all the world, and was placed over the churches already reduced to the faith of truth, he made our nation, till then given up to idols, the church of Christ, so that we may be allowed thus to attribute to him the character of an apostle; for though he is not an apostle to others, yet he is so to us; for we are the seal of his apostleship in our Lord.
Life of Pope Gregory. 605.
He was by nation a Roman, son of Gordian, deducing his race from ancestors that were not only noble, but religious. And Felix, once bishop of the same apostolical see, a man of great honour in Christ and his church, was his great-grandfather. Nor did he exercise the nobility of religion with less virtue of devotion than his parents and kindred. But that worldly nobility which he seemed to have, by the help of the Divine Grace, he entirely used to gain the honour of eternal dignity; for soon quitting his secular habit, he repaired to a monastery, wherein he began to behave himself with so much grace of perfection, that (as he was afterwards wont with tears to testify) his mind was above all transitory things; that he despised all that is subject to change; that he used to think of nothing but what was heavenly; that whilst detained by the body, he by contemplation broke through the bonds of the flesh; and that he loved death, which is a terror to almost all men, as the entrance into life, and the reward of his labours. This he said of himself, not to boast of his progress in virtue, but rather to bewail the decay, which, as he was wont to declare, he imagined he sustained through the pastoral care. In short, when he was, one day, in private, discoursing with Peter, his deacon, after having enumerated the former virtues of his mind, he with grief added, “But now, on account of the pastoral care, it is entangled with the affairs of laymen, and after so beautiful an appearance of repose, is defiled with the dust of earthly action. And after having wasted itself by condescending to many things that are without, when it desires the inward things, it returns to them less qualified to enjoy them. I therefore consider what I endure, I consider what I have lost, and when I behold that loss, what I bear appears the more grievous.”
This the holy man said out of the excess of his humility. But it becomes us to believe that he lost nothing of his monastic perfection by his pastoral care, but rather that he improved the more through the labour of the conversion of many, than by the former repose of his conversation, and chiefly because, whilst exercising the pontifical function, he provided to have his house made a monastery. And when first drawn from the monastery, ordained to the ministry of the altar, and sent as respondent to Constantinople from the apostolic see, though he now mixed with the people of the palace, yet he intermitted not his former heavenly life; for some of the brethren of his monastery, having out of brotherly charity followed him to the royal city, he kept them for the better following of regular observances, viz. that at all times, by their example, as he writes himself, he might he held fast to the calm shore of prayer, as it were with the cable of an anchor, whilst he should be tossed up and down by the continual waves of worldly affairs; and daily among them, by the intercourse of studious reading, strengthen his mind whilst it was shaken with temporal concerns. By their company he was not only guarded against earthly assaults, but more and more inflamed in the exercises of a heavenly life.
For they persuaded him to give a mystical exposition of the book of holy Job, which is involved in great obscurity; nor could he refuse to undertake that work, which brotherly affection imposed on him for the future benefit of many; but in a wonderful manner, in five and thirty books of exposition, taught how that same book is to be understood literally; how to be referred to the mysteries of Christ and the church; and in what sense it is to be adapted to every one of the faithful. This work he began when legate in the royal city, but finished it at Rome after being made pope. Whilst he was still in the royal city, he, by the assistance of the Divine grace of Catholic truth, crushed in its first rise a heresy newly started, concerning the state of our resurrection. For Eutychius, bishop of that city, taught, that our body, in that glory of resurrection, would be impalpable, and more subtile than the wind and air; which he hearing, proved by force of truth, and by the instance of the resurrection of our Lord, that this doctrine was every way opposite to the Christian faith. For the Catholic faith is that our body, sublimed by the glory of immortality, is rendered subtile by the effect of the spiritual power, but palpable by the reality of nature; according to the example of our Lord’s body, of which, when risen from the dead, he himself says to his disciples, “Touch me and see, for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.” In asserting which faith, the venerable Father Gregory so earnestly laboured against the rising heresy, and by the assistance of the most pious emperor, Tiberius Constantine, so fully suppressed it, that none has been since found to revive it.
He likewise composed another notable book, called “Liber Pastoralis,” wherein he manifestly showed what sort of persons ought to be preferred to govern the church; how such rulers ought to live; with how much discretion to instruct every one of their hearers, and how seriously to reflect every day on their own frailty. He also wrote forty homilies on the Gospel, which he equally divided into two volumes; and composed four books of dialogues, into which, at the request of Peter, his deacon, he collected the miracles of the saints whom he either knew, or had heard to be most renowned in Italy, for an example to posterity to lead their lives; to the end that, as in his books of Expositions, what virtues ought to be laboured for, so by describing the miracles of saints, he might make known the glory of those virtues. He further, in twenty-two homilies, discovered how much light there is concealed in the first and last parts of the prophet Ezekiel, which seemed the most obscure. Besides which, he wrote the “Book of Answers,” to the questions of Augustine, the first bishop of the English nation, as we have shown above, inserting the same book entire in this history; besides the useful little “Synodical Book,” which he composed with the bishops of Italy on the necessary affairs of the church; and also familiar letters to certain persons. And it is the more wonderful that he could write so many and such large volumes, in regard that almost all the time of his youth, to use his own words, he was often tormented with pains in his bowels, and a weakness of his stomach, whilst he was continually suffering from slow fever. But whereas at the same time he carefully reflected that, as the Scripture testifies, “Every son that is received is scourged,” the more he laboured and was depressed under those present evils, the more he assured himself of his eternal salvation.
Thus much may be said of his immortal genius, which could not be restrained by such severe bodily pains; for other popes applied themselves to building, or adorning of churches with gold and silver, but Gregory was entirely intent upon gaining souls. Whatsoever money he had, he diligently took care to distribute and give to the poor, that his righteousness might endure for ever, and his horn be exalted with honour; so that what blessed Job said might be truly said of him, “When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me: because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him. The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me, and I caused the widow’s heart to sing for joy. I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my judgment was as a robe and a diadem. I was the eye to the blind, and feet was I to the lame. I was father to the poor; and the cause which I knew not, I searched out. And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.” And a little after: “If I have withheld,” says he, “the poor from their desire; or have caused the eye of the widow to fail; or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof. For of my youth compassion grew up with me, and from my mother’s womb it came forth with me.”
To these works of piety and righteousness this also may be added, that he saved our nation, by the preachers he sent hither, from the teeth of the old enemy, and made it partaker of eternal liberty; in whose faith and salvation rejoicing, and worthily commending the same, he in his exposition on holy Job, says, “Behold, a tongue of Britain, which only knew how to utter barbarous language, has long since begun to resound the Hebrew Hallelujah! Behold, the once swelling ocean now serves prostrate at the feet of the saints; and its barbarous motions, which earthly princes could not subdue with the sword, are now, through the fear of God, bound by the mouths of priests with words only; and he that when an infidel stood not in awe of fighting troops, now a believer, fears the tongues of the humble! For by reason that the virtue of the Divine knowledge is infused into it by precepts, heavenly words, and conspicuous miracles, it is curbed by the dread of the same Divinity, so as to fear to act wickedly, and bends all its desires to arrive at eternal glory.” In which words holy Gregory declares this also, that St. Augustine and his companions brought the English to receive the truth, not only by the preaching of words, but also by showing of heavenly signs. The holy Pope Gregory, among other things, caused masses to be celebrated in the churches of the apostles, Peter and Paul, over their bodies. And in the celebration of masses, he added three words full of great goodness and perfection: “And dispose our days in thy peace, and preserve us from eternal damnation, and rank us in the number of thy elect, through Christ our Lord.”
He governed the church in the days of the Emperors Mauritius and Phocas, but passing out of this life in the second year of the same Phocas, he departed to the true life which is in heaven. His body was buried in the church of St. Peter the Apostle, before the sacristy, on the 4th day of March, to rise one day in the same body in glory with the rest of the holy pastors of the church. On his tomb was written this epitaph:—
- Earth! take that body which at first you gave,
- Till God again shall raise it from the grave.
- His soul amidst the stars finds heavenly day;
- In vain the gates of darkness make essay
- On him whose death but leads to life the way.
- To the dark tomb, this prelate, though decreed,
- Lives in all places by his pious deed.
- Before his bounteous board pale Hunger fled;
- To warm the poor he fleecy garments spread;
- And to secure their souls from Satan’s power,
- He taught by sacred precepts every hour.
- Nor only taught; but first th’ example led,
- Lived o’er his rules, and acted what he said.
- To English Saxons Christian truth he taught,
- And a believing flock to heaven he brought.
- This was thy work and study, this thy care,
- Offerings to thy Redeemer to prepare.
- For these to heavenly honours raised on high,
- Where thy reward of labours ne’er shall die.
Nor is the account of St. Gregory, which has been handed down to us by the tradition of our ancestors, to be passed by in silence, in relation to his motives for taking such interest in the salvation of our nation. It is reported, that some merchants, having just arrived at Rome on a certain day, exposed many things for sale in the market-place, and abundance of people resorted thither to buy: Gregory himself went with the rest, and, among other things, some boys were set to sale, their bodies white, their countenances beautiful, and their hair very fine. Having viewed them, he asked, as is said, from what country or nation they were brought? and was told, from the island of Britain, whose inhabitants were of such personal appearance. He again inquired whether those islanders were Christians, or still involved in the errors of paganism? and was informed that they were pagans. Then fetching a deep sigh from the bottom of his heart, “Alas! what pity,” said he, “that the author of darkness is possessed of men of such fair countenances; and that being remarkable for such graceful aspects, their minds should be void of inward grace.” He therefore again asked, what was the name of that nation? and was answered, that they were called Angles. “Right,” said he, “for they have an angelic face, and it becomes such to be coheirs with the angels in heaven. What is the name,” proceeded he, “of the province from which they are brought?” It was replied, that the natives of that province were called Deiri. “Truly are they De iri,” said he, “withdrawn from wrath, and called to the mercy of Christ. How is the king of that province called?” They told him his name was Ælla; and he, alluding to the name, said, “Hallelujah, the praise of God the Creator must be sung in those parts.”
Then repairing to the bishop of the Roman apostolical see, (for he was not himself then made pope,) he entreated him to send some ministers of the word into Britain to the nation of the English, by whom it might be converted to Christ; declaring himself ready to undertake that work, by the assistance of God, if the apostolic pope should think fit to have it so done. Which not being then able to perform, because, though the pope was willing to grant his request, yet the citizens of Rome could not be brought to consent that so noble, so renowned, and so learned a man should depart the city; as soon as he was himself made pope, he perfected the long-desired work, sending other preachers, but himself by his prayers and exhortations assisting the preaching, that it might be successful. This account, as we have received it from the ancients, we have thought fit to insert in our Ecclesiastical History.