Front Page Titles (by Subject) CHAP. I.—: OF THE SITUATION OF BRITAIN AND IRELAND, AND OF THEIR ANCIENT INHABITANTS. - The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols.
CHAP. I.—: OF THE SITUATION OF BRITAIN AND IRELAND, AND OF THEIR ANCIENT INHABITANTS. - Saint Bede, The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, 8 vols. 
The Complete Works of Venerable Bede, in the original Latin, collated with the Manuscripts, and various printed editions, and accompanied by a new English translation of the Historical Works, and a Life of the Author. By the Rev. J.A. Giles (London: Whittaker and Co., 1843). * 8 vols.
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- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Primus.: Prologus.— Gloriosissimo Regi Ceolwulpho, Beda, Famulus Christi Et Presbyter.
- Cap. I.—: De Situ BritanniÆ Vel HiberniÆ, Et Priscis Earum Incolis.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Britanniam Primus Romanorum Caius Julius Adierit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Eandem Secundus Romanorum Claudius Adiens, Orcadas Etiam Insulas Romano Adjecerit Imperio; Sed Et Vespasianus Ab Eo Missus Vectam Quoque Insulam Romanis Subdiderit.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Lucius Britannorum Rex, Missis Ad Eleutherum Papam Literis, Christianum Se Fieri Petierit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut Severus Receptam BritanniÆ Partem Vallo a Cetera Distinxerit.
- Cap. VI.—: De Imperio Diocletiani, Et Ut Christianos Persecutus Sit.
- Cap. VII.—: Passio Sancti Albani Et Sociorum Ejus, Qui Eodem Tempore Pro Domino Sanguinem Fuderunt.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut, Hac Cessante Persecutione, Ecclesia In Britanniis Aliquantulum Usque Ad Tempora ArianÆ VesaniÆ Pacem Habuerit.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut, Regnante Gratiano, Maximus In Britannia Imperator Creatus, Cum Magno Exercitu Galliam Redierit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut, Arcadio Regnante, Pelagius Brito Contra Gratiam Dei Superba Bella Susceperit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut, Regnante Honorio, Gratianus Et Constantinus In Britannia Tyranni Creati, Et Mox Prior In Britannia, Secundus In Gallia Sint Interempti.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Britones a Scotis Vastati Pictisque Romanorum Auxilia QuÆsierint, Qui Secundo Venientes Murum Trans Insulam Fecerint; Sed Hoc Confestim a PrÆfatis Hostibus Interrupto, Majore Sint Calamitate Depressi.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut, Regnante Theodosio Minore, Cujus Tempore Palladius Ad Scotos In Christum Credentes Missus Est, Britones Ab Ætio Consule Auxilium Flagitantes Non Impetraverint.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Britones, Fame Famosa Coacti, Barbaros Suis E Finibus Pepulerint; Nec Mora, Frugum Copia, Luxuria, Pestilentia, Et Exterminium Gentis Secutum Sit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Invitata Britanniam Gens Anglorum Primo Quidem Adversarios Longius Ejecerit; Sed Non Multo Post, Juncto Cum His FŒdere, In Socios Arma Verterit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Britones Primam De Gente Anglorum Victoriam, Duce Ambrosio Romano Homine, Sumserint.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Germanus Episcopus Cum Lupo Britanniam Navigans Et Primo Maris Et Postmodum Pelagianorum Tempestatem Divina Virtute Sedaverit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Idem Filiam Tribuni CÆcam Illuminaverit, Ac Deinde Ad Sanctum Albanum Perveniens Reliquias Ibidem Et Ipsius Acceperit, Et Beatorum Apostolorum Sive Aliorum Martyrum Posuerit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Idem Causa Infirmitatis Ibidem Detentus, Et Incendia Domorum Orando Restinxerit, Et Ipse Per Visionem a Suo Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut Iidem Episcopi Britonibus In Pugna Auxilium CŒleste Tulerint, Sicque Domum Reversi Sint.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut, Renascentibus Virgultis PelagianÆ Pestis, Germanus Cum Severo Britanniam Reversus, Prius Claudo Juveni Incessum, Deinde Et Populo Dei, Condemnatis Sive Emendatis HÆreticis, Gressum Recuperarit Fidei.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Britones, Quiescentibus Ad Tempus Exteris, Civilibus Sese Bellis Contriverint, Simul Et Majoribus Flagitiis Submerserint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Sanctus Papa Gregorius, Augustinum Cum Monachis Ad PrÆdicandum Genti Anglorum Mittens, Epistola Quoque Illos Exhortatoria, Ne a Laborando Cessarent, Confortaverit.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Arelatensi Episcopo Epistolam Pro Eorum Susceptione Miserit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut Veniens Britanniam Augustinus Primo In Insula Taneto Regi Cantuariorum PrÆdicaret; Et Sic, Accepta Ab Eo Licentia, Cantiam PrÆdicaturus Intraverit.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Idem In Cantia PrimitivÆ EcclesiÆ Et Doctrinam Sit Imitatus Et Vitam, Atque In Urbe Regis Sedem Episcopatus Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Factus Gregorio PapÆ QuÆ Sint BritanniÆ Gesta Mandarit, Et Simul Necessariis Ejus Responsa Petens Acceperit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut Papa Gregorius Epistolam Arelatensi Episcopo, Pro Adjuvando In Opere Dei Augustino, Miserit.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Idem Augustino Pallium, Et Epistolam, Et Plures Verbi Ministros, Miserit.
- Cap. XXX.—: Exemplar EpistolÆ, Quam Mellito Abbati Britanniam Pergenti Misit.
- Cap. XXXI.—: Ut Augustinum Per Litteras, Ne De Virtutibus Suis Gloriaretur, Hortatus Sit.
- Cap. XXXII.—: Ut Ethelberto Regi Literas Et Dona Miserit.
- Cap. XXXIII.—: Ut Augustinus Ecclesiam Salvatoris Instauraverit, Et Monasterium Beati Petri Apostoli Fecerit; Et De Primo Ejus Abbate Petro.
- Cap. XXXIV.—: Ut Ethelfridus, Rex Northanhumbrorum, Scotorum Gentes PrŒlio Conterens Ab Anglorum Finibus Expulerit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation. Book I
- Preface.— to the Most Glorious King Ceolwulph, Rede, the Servant of Christ and Priest.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Situation of Britain and Ireland, and of Their Ancient Inhabitants.
- Chap. II.—: Caius Julius CÆsar, the First Roman That Came Into Britain.
- Chap. III.—: Claudius, the Second of the Romans Who Came Into Britain, Brought the Islands Orcades Into Subjection to the Roman Empire; and Vespasian, Sent By Him, Reduced the Isle of Wight Under Their Dominion.
- Chap. IV.—: Lucius, King of Britain, Writing to Pope Eleutherus, Desires to Be Made a Christian.
- Chap. V.—: How the Emperor Severus Divided That Part of Britain Which He Subdued, From the Rest By a Rampart.
- Chap. VI.—: The Reign of Diocletian, and How He Persecuted the Christians.
- Chap. VII.—: The Passion of St. Alban and His Companions, Who At That Time Shed Their Blood For Our Lord.
- Chap. VIII.—: The Persecution Ceasing, the Church In Britain Enjoys Peace Till the Time of the Arian Heresy.
- Chap. IX.—: How During the Reign of Gratian, Maximus, Being Created Emperor In Britain, Returned Into Gaul With a Mighty Army.
- Chap. X.—: How In the Reign of Arcadius, Pelagius, a Briton, Insolently Impugned the Grace of God.
- Chap. XI.—: How During the Reign of Honorius, Gratian and Constantine Were Created Tyrants In Britain; and Soon After the Former Was Slain In Britain, and the Latter In Gaul.
- Chap. XII.—: The Britons, Being Ravaged By the Scots and Picts, Sought Succour From the Romans, Who, Coming a Second Time, Built a Wall Across the Island; But the Britons Being Again Invaded By the Aforesaid Enemies, Were Reduced to Greater Distress Than
- Chap. XIII.—: In the Reign of Theodosius the Younger, Palladius Was Sent to the Scots That Believed In Christ; the Britons Begging Assistance of Ætius, the Consul, Could Not Obtain It.
- Chap. XIV.—: The Britons, Compelled By Famine, Drove the Barbarians Out of Their Territories; Soon After There Ensued Plenty of Corn, Luxury, Plague, and the Subversion of the Nation.
- Chap. XV.—: The Angles Being Invited Into Britain, At First Obliged the Enemy to Retire to a Distance; But Not Long After, Joining In League With Them, Turned Their Weapons Upon Their Confederates.
- Chap. XVI.—: The Britons Obtained Their First Victory Over the Angles, Under the Command of Ambrosius, a Boman.
- Chap. XVII.—: How Germanus the Bishop, Sailing Into Britain With Lupus, First Quelled the Tempest of the Sea, and Afterwards That of the Pelagians, By Divine Power.
- Chap. XVIII.—: The Same Holy Man Gave Sight to the Blind Daughter of a Tribune, and Then Coming to St. Alban’s, There Received Some Relics of His, and Left Others of the Blessed Apostles, and Other Martyrs.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Same Holy Man, Being Detained There By an Indisposition, By His Prayers Quenched a Fire That Had Broken Out Among the Houses, and Was Himself Cured of His Distemper By a Vision.
- Chap. XX.—: How the Same Bishops Procured the Britons Assistance From Heaven In a Battle, and Then Returned Home.
- Chap. XXI.—: The Pelagian Heresy Again Reviving, Germanus, Returning Into Britain With Severus, First Healed a Lame Youth, Then Having Condemned Or Converted the Heretics, They Restored Spiritual Health to the People of God.
- Chap. XXII.—: The Britons, Being For a Time Delivered From Foreign Invasions, Wasted Themselves By Civil Wars, and Then Gave Themselves Up to More Heinous Crimes.
- Chap. XXIII.—: How Pope Gregory Sent Augustine, With Other Monks, to Preach to the English, and Encouraged Them By a Letter of Exhortation, Not to Cease From Their Labour.
- Chap. XXIV.—: How He Wrote to the Bishop of Arles to Entertain Them.
- Chap. XXV.—: Augustine, Coming Into Britain, First Preached In the Isle of Thanet to King Ethelbert, and Having Obtained Licence, Entered the Kingdom of Kent, In Order to Preach Therein.
- Chap. XXVI.—: St. Augustine In Kent Followed the Doctrine and Manner of Living of the Primitive Church, and Settled His Episcopal See In the Royal City.
- Chap. XXVII.—: St. Augustine, Being Made Bishop, Sends to Acquaint Pope Gregory With What Had Been Done, and Receives His Answer to the Doubts He Had Proposed to Him.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Pope Gregory Writes to the Bishop of Arles to Assist Augustine In the Work of God.
- Chap. XXIX.—: The Same Pope Sends Augustine the Pall, an Epistle, and Several Ministers of the Word.
- Chap. XXX.—: A Copy of the Letter Which Pope Gregory Sent to the Abbot Mellitus, Then Going Into Britain.
- Chap. XXXI.—: Pope Gregory, By Letter, Exhorts Augustine Not to Glory In His Miracles.
- Chap. XXXII.—: Pope Gregory Sends Letters and Presents to King Ethelbert.
- Chap. XXXIII.—: Augustine Repairs the Church of Our Saviour, and Builds the Monastery of St. Peter the Apostle; Peter the First Abbot of the Same.
- Chap. XXXIV.—: Ethelfrid, King of the Northumbrians, Having Vanquished the Nations of the Scots, Expels Them From the Territories of the English.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Secundus.
- Cap. I. De Obitu Beati PapÆ Gregorii.
- Cap. II.—: Ut Augustinus Britonum Episcopos Pro Pace Catholica, Etiam Miraculo CŒlesti Coram Eis Facto, Monuerit; QuÆve Illos Spernentes Ultio Secuta Sit.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Mellitum Ac Justum Episcopos Fecerit; Et De Obitu Ejus.
- Cap. IV.—: Ut Laurentius Cum Coepiscopis Suis Scotos Unitatem SanctÆ EcclesiÆ, Et Maxime In Pascha Observando, Sequi Monuerit, Et Ut Mellitus Romam Venerit.
- Cap. V.—: Ut, Defunctis Ethelberto Et Saberto Regibus, Successores Eorum Idololatriam Resuscitarint, Ob Quod Et Mellitus Ac Justus a Britannia Discesserint.
- Cap. VI.—: Ut Correptus Ab Apostolo Petro Laurentius Eadbaldum Regem Ad Christum Converterit, Qui Mox Mellitum Et Justum Ad PrÆdicandum Revocaverit.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Mellitus Episcopus Flammas Ardentis SuÆ Civitatis Orando Restrinxerit.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Bonifacius Papa Justo Successori Ejus Pallium Et Epistolam Miserit.
- Cap. IX.—: De Imperio Regis Edwini, Et Ut Veniens Ad Evangelizandum Ei Paulinus Primo Filiam Ejus Cum Aliis, Fidei ChristianÆ Sacramentis Imbuerit.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Papa Bonifacius Eundem Regem, Missis Literis, Sit Hortatus Ad Fidem.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Conjugem Ipsius, Per Epistolam, Salutis Illius Sedulam Agere Curam Monuerit.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Edwinus Per Visionem Quondam Sibi Exsuli Ostensam Sit Ad Credendum Provocatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Quale Consilium Idem Cum Primatibus Suis De Percipienda Fide Christi Habuerit; Et Ut Pontifex Ejus Suas Aras Profanaverit.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut Idem Edwinus Cum Sua Gente Fidelis Sit Factus; Et Ubi Paulinus Baptizaverit.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Provincia Orientalium Anglorum Fidem Christi Susceperit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Paulinus In Provincia Lindissi PrÆdicaverit; Et De Qualitate Regni Edwini.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Idem Ab Honorio Papa Exhortatorias Literas Acceperit, Qui Etiam Paulino Pallium Miserit.
- Cap. XVIII.—: Ut Honorius, Qui Justo In Episcopatum Dorovernensis EcclesiÆ Successit, Ab Eodem Papa Honorio Pallium Et Literas Acceperit.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Primo Idem Honorius, Et Post Joannes, Literas Genti Scotorum Pro Pascha Simul Et Pro Pelagiana HÆresi Miserit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Occiso Edwino, Paulinus Cantiam Rediens, Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book II.
- Chap. I.—: Of the Death of the Blessed Pope Gregory.
- Chap. II.—: Augustine Admonished the Bishops of the Britons to Catholic Peace and Unity, and to That Effect Wrought a Heavenly Miracle In Their Presence; of the Vengeance That Pursued Them For Their Contempt.
- Chap. III.—: How St. Augustine Made Mellitus and Justus Bishops; and of His Death.
- Chap. IV.—: Laurentius and His Bishops Admonish the Scots to Observe the Unity of the Holy Church, Particularly In Keeping of Easter; Mellitus Goes to Rome.
- Chap. V.—: How, After the Death of the Kings Ethelbert and Sabert, Their Successors Restored Idolatry; For Which Reason, Both Mellitus and Justus Departed Out of Britain.
- Chap. VI.—: Laurentius, Being Reproved By the Apostle, Converts King Eadbald to Christ; Mellitus and Justus Are Recalled.
- Chap. VII.—: Bishop Mellitus By Prayer Quenches a Fire In His City.
- Chap. VIII.—: Pope Boniface Sends the Pall and an Epistle to Justus, Successor to Mellitus.
- Chap. IX.—: The Reign of King Edwin, and How Paulinus, Coming to Preach the Gospel, First Converted His Daughter and Others to the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. X.—: Pope Boniface, By Letter, Exhorts the Same King to Embrace the Faith.
- Chap. XI.—: Pope Boniface Advises Queen Ethelberga to Use Her Best Endeavours For the Salvation of Her Consort, King Edwin.
- Chap. XII.—: King Edwin Is Persuaded to Believe, By a Vision He Had Seen When He Was In Exile.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of the Council He Held With His Chief Men About Embracing the Faith of Christ, and How the High Priest Profaned His Own Altars.
- Chap. XIV.—: King Edwin and His Nation Become Christians; Paulinus Baptizes Them.
- Chap. XV.—: The Province of the East Angles Receives the Faith of Christ.
- Chap. XVI.—: How Paulinus Preached In the Province of Lindsey; and of the Reign of Edwin.
- Chap. XVII.—: Edwin Receives Letters of Exhortation From Pope Honorius, Who Also Sends Paulinus the Pall.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Honorius, Who Succeeded Justus In the Bishopric of Canterbury, Receives the Pall and Letters From Pope Honorius.
- Chap. XIX.—: How the Aforesaid Honorius First, and Afterwards John, Wrote Letters to the Nation of the Scots, Concerning the Observance of Easter, and the Pelagian Heresy.
- Chap. XX.—: Edwin Being Slain, Paulinus Returns Into Kent, and Has the Bishopric of Rochester Conferred On Him.
- Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum.: Liber Tertius.
- Cap. I.—: Ut Primi Successores Edwini Regis Et Fidem SuÆ Gentis Prodiderunt, Et Regnum Porro Oswaldus Christianissimus Rex Utrumque Restauravit.
- Cap. II.—: Ut De Ligno Crucis, Quod Idem Rex Contra Barbaros Pugnaturus Erexerat, Inter Innumera Sanitatum Miracula, Quidam a Dolentis Brachii Sit Languore Curatus.
- Cap. III.—: Ut Idem Rex, Postulans De Gente Scotorum Antistitem, Acceperit Aidanum, Eidemque In Insula Lindisfarnensi Sedem Episcopatus Donaverit.
- Cap. IV.—: Quando Gens Pictorum Fidem Christi Perceperit.
- Cap. V.—: De Vita Aidani Episcopi.
- Cap. VI.—: De Religione Ac Pietate Miranda Oswaldi Regis.
- Cap. VII.—: Ut Provincia Occidentalium Saxonum Verbum Dei, PrÆdicante Birino, Susceperit; Et De Successoribus Ejus Agilberto Et Eleutherio.
- Cap. VIII.—: Ut Rex Cantuariorum Earconbertus Idola Destrui PrÆceperit; Et De Filia Ejus Ercongota Et Propinqua Ethelberga, Sacratis Deo Virginibus.
- Cap. IX.—: Ut In Loco, In Quo Occisus Est Rex Oswaldus, Crebra Sanitatum Miracula Facta; Utque Ibi Primo Jumentum Cujusdam Viantis, Ac Deinde Puella Paralytica Sit Curata.
- Cap. X.—: Ut Pulvis Loci Illius Contra Ignem Valuerit.
- Cap. XI.—: Ut Super Reliquias Ejus Lux CŒlestis Tota Nocte Steterit; Et Ut Per Eas Sint DÆmoniaci Curati.
- Cap. XII.—: Ut Ad Tumbam Ejus Sit Puerulus E Febre Curatus.
- Cap. XIII.—: Ut In Hibernia Sit Quidam Per Reliquias Ejus a Mortis Articulo Revocatus.
- Cap. XIV.—: Ut, Defuncto Paulino, Ithamar Pro Eo Rhofensis EcclesiÆ PrÆsulatum Susceperit; Et De Humilitate Mirabili Regis Oswini, Qui Ab Oswio Crudeli CÆde Peremtus Est.
- Cap. XV.—: Ut Episcopus Aidanus Nautis Et Tempestatem Futuram PrÆdixerit, Et Oleum Sanctum, Quo Hanc Sedarent, Dederit.
- Cap. XVI.—: Ut Idem Admotum Ab Hostibus Urbi RegiÆ Ignem Orando Amoverit.
- Cap. XVII.—: Ut Apposta EcclesiÆ, Cui Idem Accumbens Obierat, Ardente Cetera Domo, Flammis Absumi Nequiverit; Et De Interna Vita Ejus.
- Cap. XVIII.—: De Vita Vel Morte Religiosi Regis Sigeberti.
- Cap. XIX.—: Ut Furseus Apud Orientales Anglos Monasterium Fecerit; Et De Visionibus Vel Sanctitate Ejus, Cui Etiam Caro Post Mortem Incorrupta Testimonium Perhibuerit.
- Cap. XX.—: Ut, Defuncto Honorio, Pontificatu Sit Functus Deusdedit; Et Qui In Tempore Illo Orientalium Anglorum, Qui Rhofensis EcclesiÆ, Fuerint Antistites.
- Cap. XXI.—: Ut Provincia Mediterraneorum Anglorum Sub Rege Peada Christiana Sit Facta.
- Cap. XXII.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Fidem Quam Dudum Abjecerant, Sub Rege Sigeberto, PrÆdicante Cedd, Receperint.
- Cap. XXIII.—: Ut Idem Episcopus Cedd Locum Monasterii Construendi Ab Ethelwaldo Rege Accipiens Orationibus Ac Jejuniis Domino Consecraverit; Et De Obitu Ipsius.
- Cap. XXIV.—: Ut Provincia Merciorum, Occiso Rege Penda, Fidem Christi Susceperit: Et Oswius, Pro Adepta Victoria, Possessiones Et Territoria Ad Construenda Monasteria Dederit.
- Cap. XXV.—: Ut QuÆstio Sit Mota De Tempore PaschÆ Adversus Eos, Qui De Scotia Venerant.
- Cap. XXVI.—: Ut Colmanus Victus Domum Redierit, Et Tuda Pro Illo Episcopatu Sit Functus; Qualisque Illis Doctoribus Fuerit Habitus EcclesiÆ.
- Cap. XXVII.—: Ut Egbertus, Vir Sanctus De Natione Anglorum, Monachicam In Hibernia Vitam Duxerit.
- Cap. XXVIII.—: Ut, Defuncto Tuda, Wilfridus In Gallia, Ceadda Apud Occidentales Saxones, In Provincia Northanhumbrorum Sint Ordinati Episcopi.
- Cap. XXIX.—: Ut Wighardus Presbyter, Ordinandus In Archiepiscopum, Roman De Britannia Sit Missus; Quem Remissa Mox Scripta PapÆ Apostolici Ibidem Obiisse Narraverint.
- Cap. XXX.—: Ut Orientales Saxones Tempore Mortalitatis Ad Idololatriam Reversi, Sed Per Instantiam Jarumanni Episcopi Mox Sint Ab Errore Correcti.
- The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation.: Book III.
- Chap. I.—: How King Edwin’s Next Successors Lost Both the Faith of Their Nation and the Kingdom; But the Most Christian King Oswald Retrieved Both.
- Chap. II.—: How Among Innumerable Other Miraculous Cures Wrought By the Cross, Which King Oswald, Being Ready to Engage Against the Barbarians, Erected, a Certain Youth Had His Lame Arm Healed.
- Chap. III.—: The Same King Oswald, Asking a Bishop of the Scottish Nation, Had Aidan Sent Him, and Granted Him an Episcopal See In the Isle of Lindisfarne.
- Chap. IV.—: When the Nation of the Picts Received the Faith.
- Chap. V.—: Of the Life of Bishop Aidan.
- Chap. VI.—: Of King Oswald’s Wonderful Piety.
- Chap. VII.—: How the West Saxons Received the Word of God By the Preaching of Birinus; and of His Successors, Agilbert and Eleutherius.
- Chap. VIII.—: How Earconbert, King of Kent, Ordered the Idols to Be Destroyed; and of His Daughter Earcongota, and His Kinswoman Ethelberga, Virgins Consecrated to God.
- Chap. IX.—: How Miraculous Cures Have Been Frequently Done In the Place Where King Oswald Was Killed; and How First, a Traveller’s Horse Was Restored, and Afterwards a Young Girl Cured of a Palsy.
- Chap. X.—: The Power of the Earth of That Place Against Fire.
- Chap. XI.—: Of the Heavenly Light That Appeared All the Night Over the Bones of King Oswald, and How Persons Possessed With Devils Were Delivered By Them.
- Chap. XII.—: Of a Boy Cured of an Ague At St. Oswald’s Tomb.
- Chap. XIII.—: Of a Certain Person In Ireland That Was Recovered, When At the Point of Death, By the Bones of King Oswald.
- Chap. XIV.—: On the Death of Paulinus, Ithamar Was Made Bishop of Rochester In His Stead, of the Wonderful Humility of King Oswin, Who Was Cruelly Slain By Oswy.
- Chap. XV.—: How Bishop Aidan Foretold to Certain Seamen a Storm That Would Happen, and Gave Them Some Holy Oil to Lay It.
- Chap. XVI.—: How the Same Aidan, By His Prayers, Saved the Royal City When Fired By the Enemy.
- Chap. XVII.—: How the Post of the Church On Which Bishop Aidan Was Leaning When He Died, Could Not Be Burnt When the Rest of the Church Was Consumed By Fire; and of His Inward Life.
- Chap. XVIII.—: Of the Life and Death of the Religious King Sigebert.
- Chap. XIX.—: How Fursey Built a Monastery Among the East Angles, and of His Visions and Sanctity, of Which, His Flesh Remaining Uncorrupted After Death, Bore Testimony.
- Chap. XX.—: Honorius Dying, Deusdedit Is Chosen Archbishop of Canterbury, of Those Who Were At That Time Bishops of the East Angles, and of the Church of Rochester.
- Chap. XXI.—: How the Province of the Midland Angles Became Christian Under King Peada.
- Chap. XXII.—: How the East Saxons Again Received the Faith, Which They Had Before Cast Off Under King Sigebert, Through the Preaching of Cedd.
- Chap. XXIII.—: Bishop Cedd, Having a Place Given Him By King Ethelwald, Consecrates the Same to Our Lord With Prayer and Fasting. of His Death.
- Chap. XXIV.—: King Penda Being Slain, the Mercians Received the Faith of Christ, and Oswy Gave Possessions and Territories to God, For Building Monasteries, In Acknowledgment For the Victory Obtained.
- Chap. XXV.—: How the Controversy Arose About the Due Time of Keeping Easter, With Those That Came Out of Scotland.
- Chap. XXVI.—: Colman, Being Worsted, Returned Home; Tuda Succeeded Him In the Bishopric; the State of the Church Under Those Teachers.
- Chap. XXVII.—: Egbert, a Holy Man of the English Nation, Led a Monastic Life In Ireland.
- Chap. XXVIII.—: Tuda Being Dead, Wilfrid Was Ordained, In France, and Ceadda, In the Province of the West Saxons, to Be Bishops of the Northumbrians.
- Chap. XXIX.—: How the Priest Wighard Was Sent From Britain to Rome, to Be Consecrated Archbishop, of His Death There, and of the Letters of the Apostolic Pope Giving an Account Thereof.
- Chap. XXX.—: The East Saxons, During a Pestilence, Returning to Idolatry, Are Immediately Brought Back From Their Error By the Bishop Jaruman.
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OF THE SITUATION OF BRITAIN AND IRELAND, AND OF THEIR ANCIENT INHABITANTS.
Britain.Its situation.Its productions.
BRITAIN, an island in the ocean, formerly called Albion, is situated between the north and west, facing, though at a considerable distance, the coasts of Germany, France, and Spain, which form the greatest part of Europe. It extends 800 miles in length towards the north, and is 200 miles in breadth, except where several promontories extend further in breadth, by which its compass is made to be 3675 miles. To the south, as you pass along the nearest shore of the Belgic Gaul, the first place in Britain which opens to the eye, is the city of Rutubi Portus, by the English corrupted into Reptacestir. The distance from hence across the sea to Gessoriacum, the nearest shore of the Morini, is 50 miles, or as some writers say, 450 furlongs. On the back of the island, where it opens upon the boundless ocean, it has the islands called Orcades. Britain excels for grain and trees, and is well adapted for feeding cattle and beasts of burden. It also produces vines in some places, and has plenty of land and water fowls of several sorts; it is remarkable also for rivers abounding in fish, and plentiful springs. It has the greatest plenty of salmon and eels; seals are also frequently taken, and dolphins, as also whales; besides many sorts of shell-fish, such as muscles, in which are often found excellent pearls of all colours, red, purple, violet, and green, but mostly white. There is also a great abundance of cockles, of which the scarlet dye is made; a most beautiful colour, which never fades with the heat of the sun or the washing of the rain; but the older it is, the more beautiful it becomes. It has both salt and hot springs, and from them flow rivers which furnish hot baths, proper for all ages and sexes, and arranged according. For water, as St. Basil says, receives the heating quality, when it runs along certain metals, and becomes not only hot but scalding. Britain has also many veins of metals, as copper, iron, lead, and silver; it has much and excellent jet, which is black and sparkling, glittering at the fire, and when heated, drives away serpents; being warmed with rubbing, it holds fast whatever is applied to it, like amber. The island was formerly embellished with twenty-eight noble cities, besides innumerable castles, which were all strongly secured with walls, towers, gates, and locks. And, from its lying almost under the North Pole, the nights are light in summer, so that at midnight the beholders are often in doubt whether the evening twilight still continues, or that of the morning is coming on; for the sun, in the night, returns under the earth, through the northern regions at no great distance from them. For this reason the days are of a great length in summer, as on the contrary, the nights are in winter, the sun then withdrawing into the southern parts, so that they are eighteen hours long. Thus the nights are extraordinarily short in summer, and the days in winter, that is, of only six equinoctial hours. Whereas, in Armenia, Macedonia, Italy, and other countries of the same latitude, the longest day or night extends but to fifteen hours, and the shortest to nine.
This island at present, following the number of the books in which the Divine law was written, contains five nations, the English, Britons, Scots, Picts, and Latins, each in its own peculiar dialect cultivating the sublime study of Divine truth. The Latin tongue is, by the study of the Scriptures, become common to all the rest. At first this island had no other inhabitants but the Britons, from whom it derived its name, and who coming over into Britain, as is reported, from Armorica, possessed themselves of the southern parts thereof. When they, beginning at the south, had made themselves masters of the greatest part of the island, it happened, that the nation of the Picts, from Scythia, as is reported, putting to sea, in a few long ships, were driven by the winds beyond the shores of Britain, and arrived on the northern coasts of Ireland, where, finding the nation of the Scots, they begged to be allowed to settle among them, but could not succeed in obtaining their request. Ireland is the greatest island next to Britain, and lies to the west of it; but as it is shorter than Britain to the north, so, on the other hand, it runs out far beyond it to the south, opposite to the northern parts of Spain, though a spacious sea lies between them. The Picts, as has been said, arriving in this island by sea, desired to have a place granted them in which they might settle. The Scots answered that the island could not contain them both; but “we can give you good advice,” said they, “what to do; we know there is another island, not far from ours, to the eastward, which we often see at a distance, when the days are clear. If you will go thither, you will obtain settlements; or if they should oppose you, you shall have our assistance.” The Picts, accordingly, sailing over into Britain, began to inhabit the northern parts thereof, for the Britons were possessed of the southern. Now the Picts had no wives, and asked them of the Scots; who would not consent to grant them upon any other terms, than that when any difficulty should arise, they should choose a king from the female royal race rather than from the male: which custom, as is well known, has been observed among the Picts to this day. In process of time, Britain, besides the Britons and the Picts, received a third nation, the Scots, who, migrating from Ireland under their leader Reuda, either by fair means, or by force of arms, secured to themselves those settlements among the Picts which they still possess. From the name of their commander, they are to this day called Dalreudins; for in their language Dal signifies a part.
Ireland, in breadth, and for wholesomeness and serenity of climate, far surpasses Britain; for the snow scarcely ever lies there above three days: no man makes hay in the summer for winter’s provision, or builds stables for his beasts of burden. No reptiles are found there, and no snake can live there; for though often carried thither out of Britain, as soon as the ship comes near the shore, and the scent of the air reaches them, they die. On the contrary, almost all things in the island are good against poison. In short, we have known that when some persons have been bitten by serpents, the scrapings of leaves of books that were brought out of Ireland, being put into water, and given them to drink, have immediately expelled the spreading poison, and assuaged the swelling. The island abounds in milk and honey, nor is there any want of vines, fish or fowl; and it is remarkable for deer and goats. It is properly the country of the Scots, who, migrating from thence, as has been said, added a third nation in Britain to the Britons and the Picts. There is a very large gulf of the sea, which formerly divided the nation of the Picts from the Britons; which gulf runs from the west very far into the land, where, to this day, stands the strong city of the Britons, called Alcluith. The Scots arriving on the north side of this bay, settled themselves there.