Front Page Titles (by Subject) OBSERVATIONS UPON THE CITIES OF LONDON AND ROME. - The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, vol. 2
OBSERVATIONS UPON THE CITIES OF LONDON AND ROME. - Sir William Petty, The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, vol. 2 
The Economic Writings of Sir William Petty, together with The Observations upon Bills of Mortality, more probably by Captain John Graunt, ed. Charles Henry Hull (Cambridge University Press, 1899), 2 vols.
About Liberty Fund:
Liberty Fund, Inc. is a private, educational foundation established to encourage the study of the ideal of a society of free and responsible individuals.
The text is in the public domain.
Fair use statement:
This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.
- Note On Graunt's “observations.”
- To the Right Honourable John Lord Roberts 1 , Baron of Truro , Lord Privy Seal , and One of His Majesties Most Honourable Privy Council.
- To the Honourable S R Robert Moray 1 , Knight, One of His Majestie's Privy Council For His Kingdom of Scotland , and President of the Royal Society of Philosophers Meeting At Gresham- Colledg , and to the Rest of That Honourable Society.
- The Preface.
- Natural and Political Observations, &c.
- Chap. I.: Of the Bills of Mortality, Their Beginning, and Progress. 1
- [chap. II.] 1: General Observations Upon the Casualties.
- Chap. III.: Of Particular Casualties.
- Chap. IV. of the Plague.
- Chap. V.: Other Observations Upon the Plague, and Casualties.
- Chap. VI.: Of the Sickliness, Healthfulness, and Fruitfulness of Seasons.
- Chap. VII.: Of the Difference Between Burials and Christenings.
- Chap. VIII.: Of the Difference Between the Numbers of Males and Females.
- Chap. IX.: Of the Growth of the City.
- Chap. X.: Of the Inequality of Parishes.
- Chap. XI.: Of the Number of Inhabitants.
- Chap. XII.: Of the Country-bills.
- The Conclusion.: an Appendix 1 .
- Appendices to Graunt's Observations.
- Quantulumcunque Concerning Money. 1682
- Note On the Essays In “political Arithmetick.”
- Another Essay In Political Arithmetick, Concerning the Growth of the City of London: With the Measures, Periods, Causes, and Consequences Thereof.1682. By Sir William Petty , Fellow of the Royal Society. London: Printed By H. H. For Mar
- Observations Upon the Dublin-bills of Mortality, M D C L X X X I. State of That City.
- Further Observation Upon the Dublin-bills: Or, Accompts of the Houses, Hearths, Baptisms, and Burials In That City.
- Two Essays In Political Arithmetick, Concerning the People, Housing, Hospitals, &c. London and Paris.
- Observations Upon the Cities of London and Rome.
- Five Essays In Political Arithmetick, Viz.
- Note On the “five Essays.”
- To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
- The First Essay.
- The Second Essay.
- The Third Essay.
- The Fourth Essay 1 Concerning the Proportions of People In the 8 Eminent Cities of Christendom Undernamed , Viz.
- The Fifth Essay. Concerning Holland and the Rest of the United Provinces.
- A Treatise of Ireland, 1687. the Elements of Ireland; and of Its Religion, Trade & Policy. By Sir William Petty , Fellow of the Royal Society.
- Note On the “treatise of Ireland.
- An Essay In Political Arithmetick Concerning Ireland 1 .
- Chap. I.: By This Title We Mean the Several Points Following. (vizt)
- Chap. II.: The State of the Case Represented In Terms of Number, Weight, and Measure; and Thereby Made Capable of Demonstrations. ( Vizt )
- Chap. III.: The 6 First Mention'd Points Are Proved Out of the 20 Suppositions Or Assertions Next Before-going. ( Vizt )
- Chap. IV.: How to Enable the People of England and Ireland to Spend 5 Millions Worth of Commodities More Than Now: and How to Raise the Present Value of the Lands and Goods of Ireland From 2 to 3.
- Chap. V.: That the King's Revenue In England and In Ireland, Supposed to Be 2070 Thousand Pounds, Will Be Increased to Above ⅕ Part More (vizt) to 1 Above 414 Thousand Pounds; and Even to 450 Thousand Pounds: So As to Be In All 2520 Thousand Pounds.
- Chap. VI.
- Chap. VII.: How to Take Away All the Evils Arising From Differences of Births, Extractions, Languages, Manners, Customs, Religion, and Laws, and Pretence Whatsoever.
- Chap. VIII.: How the Names, Bounds, Titles, and Values, of Lands May Be Settled and Ascertained; With Remedy of the Miscarriages, Which Have Happened In the 35 Years Last Past In the Disposures of Them.
- Chap. IX.: A Repetition and Enlargement of What Has Been Here Said.
- An Appendix of Objections to This Essay, With Answers to the Same.
- Bibliography of the Printed Writings of Sir William Petty 1 .
- Supplement to the Bibliography of Petty's Works.
- Bibliography of the Natural and Political Observations.
By Sir WILLIAM PETTY, Fellow of the Royal Society.
LONDON, Printed for Henry Mortlocke, at the Phœnix, in St. Paul's Church-Yard, and F. Lloyd, in the middle Exchange next Salisbury-House in the Strand. 1687.
LONDON and ROME.
1. THAT before the year 1630, the Christnings at London exceeded the Burials of the same , but about the year 1655 they were scarce half; and now about two thirds . ‖
2. Before the Restauration of Monarchy in England, Anno 1660, the People of Paris were more than those of London and Dublin put together, whereas now, the People of London are more than those of Paris and Rome, or of Paris and Rouen .
3. Anno 1665 one fifth part of the then People of London, or 97 thousand died of the Plague , and in the next year 1666, 13 thousand Houses or one fifth part of all the Housing of London were burnt also.
4. At the Birth of Christ, old Rome was the greatest City of the World, and London the greatest ‖ at the Coronation of King James the Second, and near 6 times as great as the present Rome, wherein are 119 thousand Souls besides Jews .
5. In the years of King Charles the Second his death, and King James the Second his Coronation (which were neither of them remarkable for extraordinary Sickliness or Healthfulness) the Burials did wonderfully agree, viz. Anno 1684, they were 23202, and Anno 1685 they were 23222, the Medium whereof is 23212. And the Christnings did very wonderfully agree also, having been Anno 1684, 14702, and Anno 1685, 14732, the Medium whereof is 14716 , which consistence was ‖ never seen before, the said number of 23212 Burials making the People of London to be 696360, at the rate of one Dying per annum out of 30.
6. Since the great Fire of London, Anno 1666 about 7 parts of 15 of the present vast City hath been new built, and is with its People increased near one half, and become equal to Paris and Rome put together, the one being the Seat of the great French Monarchy, and the other of the Papacy.
Feb. 18th, 168 . Let this be printed.