Front Page Titles (by Subject) Chap. IX.: Of the Ends of Political Society and Government. - A Treatise Concerning Civil Government in Three Parts
Chap. IX.: Of the Ends of Political Society and Government. - Josiah Tucker, A Treatise Concerning Civil Government in Three Parts 
A Treatise Concerning Civil Government in Three Parts (London: T. Cadell, 1781).
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- The Preface.
- Part I.: The Notions of Mr. Locke, &c.
- Chap. I.: Quotations From Mr. Locke.
- Chap. IX.: Of the Ends of Political Society and Government.
- Chap. XI.: Of the Extent of the Legislative Power.
- Chap. XVII.: Extracts From Mr. Molyneux’s Case of Ireland Being Bound By Acts of Parliament In England. Dublin, Printed 1698, and Dedicated to King William: and Lately Reprinted By Mr. Almon, With a Long Preface, Exciting the Irish to Rebel
- Extracts From Dr. Priestly’s Essay On the First Principles of Government. Second Edition. London, Printed For J. Johnson, 1771.
- Section I.: Of the First Principles of Government, and the Different Kinds of Liberty.
- Section II.: Of Political Liberty.
- Extracts From Dr. Price ’s Famous Treatise, Observations On the Nature of Civil Liberty, &c. a New Edition, 12 Mo. Corrected By the Author, Price Three-pence, Or One Guinea Per Hundred.
- Preface to the Fifth Edition.
- Section I.: Of the Nature of Liberty In General.
- Section II.: Of Civil Liberty, and the Principles of Government.
- Section III.: Of the Authority of One Country Over Another.
- Observations On the Foregoing Extracts.
- Chap II.: Several Very Gross Errors and Absurdities Chargeable On the Lockian System.
- Chap. III.: An Enquiry How Far Either the Revolution In England,— Or the Reduction of Ireland,— Or the Present Proceedings of the Congress In America, Can Or May Be Justified According to the Leading Principles of Mr. Locke, and His Followers.
- I.: Of the Revolution In England.
- II.: The Reduction of Ireland.
- III.: The Cafe of the Present Congress In America.
- Chap. IV.: On the Abuse of Words, and the Perversion of Language, Chargeable On the Lockian System.
- Part II.: Containing the True Basis of Civil Government, In Opposition to the System of Mr. Locke and His Followers, By Josiah Tucker, D. D. Dean of Glocester.
- The Preface to the Second Part.
- Chap. I.: Concerning Those Principles In Human Nature, Which May Serve As a Basis For Any Species of Civil Government to Stand Upon, Without the Actual Choice, Or Personal Election of Every Member of the Community Either Towards the First Erection, Or the
- Chap. II.: Objections Answered.
- Objection I.
- Objection II.
- Objection III.
- Objection IV.
- Chap. III.: A Comparison of the Different Forms of Government With Each Other,—a Preference Given to the Mixt, and the Reasons Why,—the Republics of Sparta, Athens, and Rome, Proved to Be Improper Models For a Commercial State,—the Supp
- I.: Monarchy.
- II.: On Aristocracy.
- III.: A Mere Democracy.
- Chap. IV.: Of a Limited Monarchy, and Mixt Government. Its Component Parts, Monarchy, Aristocracy, and Democracy. of the Comparative Influence of Each:—on Which Side the Greatest Danger Is Now to Be Apprehended.—the Remedy Proposed, and Proper Regulations
- The Qualifications of Voters.
- The Qualification of Candidates.
- Part III.: Divers Collateral Circumstances Corroborating the Foregoing System, and Confuting the Lockian
- Chap. I.: The General Nature of the Gothic Constitution Described, Which the Barbarous Nations Introduced and Settled In Every Part of Europe, and Particularly In England.—various Antiquated Customs and Laws Explained Relative Thereto.—these Laws Either N
- Chap. II.: Certain Objections and Cavils Answered and Confuted.
- Chap. III.: An Enquiry How Far the Authorities of Great Names, and Particularly How Far the Opinions of Aristotle, Cicero, Grotius, and Hooker Can Be Serviceable to the Lockian Cause.
- Chap. IV.: The Doctrine of Scripture Relative to the Obedience Due From Subjects to Their Sovereigns; Together With the Grounds Of, and Reasons For the Duty.
Of the Ends of Political Society and Government.
“§ 123. If Man in a State of Nature be so free, as hath been said: If he be absolute Lord of his own Person and Possessions, equal to the greatest, and subject to no Body, why will he part with his Freedom, why will he give up this Empire, and subject himself to the Dominion and Controul of any other Power? To which it is obvious to answer, that tho’ in the State of Nature be hath such a Right, yet the Enjoyment of it is very uncertain, and constantly exposed to the Invasion of others. For all being Kings as much as he, every Man his equal, and the greater Part no strict Observers of Equity and Justice, the Enjoyment of the Property he has in this State is very unsase, very insecure. ☞ This makes him willing to quit his Condition; which however free, is full of Fears, and continual Dangers.
“§ 127. Thus Mankind, notwithstanding all the Privileges of the State of Nature, being but in an ill Condition, while they remain in it, are quickly driven into Society.