Front Page Titles (by Subject) 4.: THE ARMENIAC PROVINCES OF JUSTINIAN AND MAURICE — ( P. 66 ) - The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol. 8
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4.: THE ARMENIAC PROVINCES OF JUSTINIAN AND MAURICE — ( P. 66 ) - Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, vol. 8 
The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, ed. J.B. Bury with an Introduction by W.E.H. Lecky (New York: Fred de Fau and Co., 1906), in 12 vols. Vol. 8.
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THE ARMENIAC PROVINCES OF JUSTINIAN AND MAURICE — (P. 66)
Up to the time of Justinian there were two provinces entitled Armenia, forming part of the Pontic Diocese.
Justinian in 536 redistributed these districts, creating four provinces of Armenia, which were formed partly out of the two old provinces, partly out of Pontus Polemoniacus, and partly of new territory which had hitherto lain outside the provincial system.1
(1) First Armenia = part of old First Armenia (Theodosiopolis, Colonea, Satala, Nicopolis) + part of Pontus Polemoniacus (Trapezus and Cerasus).
(2) Second Armenia = rest of old First Armenia + part of Pontus Polemoniacus (Comana, Zela and Brisa).
(3) Third Armenia = old Second Armenia.
(4) Fourth Armenia = Sophanene, district beyond Euphrates, east of Third Armenia (capital, Martyropolis).2
The rest of Pontus Polemoniacus was united with the old Helenopontus to form a new Helenopontus under a governor with the title of moderator. Similarly Honorias and the old Paphlagonia were united into a new Paphlagonia under a praetor.
The Armenian provinces were reorganised and the nomenclature changed by Maurice, in consequence of the cessions made by Chosroes II. on his accession.
(1) Maurice’s First Armenia = Justinian’s Third Armenia.
(2) Maurice’s Second Armenia = Justinian’s Second Armenia.
(3) Maurice’s Great Armenia = Justinian’s First Armenia.3
(4) Maurice’s Fourth includes the districts of Sophene, Digisene, Anzitene, Orzianine, Muzuron.
(5) Maurice’s Mesopotamia includes Justinian’s Fourth Armenia + Arzanene.
See the Descriptio of George the Cypriote (c. 600 ), ed. Gelzer, p. 46-49, and Gelzer’s preface, p. l. and p. lix.-lxi., where the notices of Armenian writers are reviewed. The territories handed over to Maurice by Chosroes were (1) Arzanene and the northern part of Mesopotamia (including Daras) as far as Nisibis, and (2) part of Armenia, as far as Dovin. The former districts were added to Justinian’s Fourth Armenia, and the whole province named Mesopotamia; the latter were formed into a new Fourth Armenia. Thus the cities of Nisibis in the south, and Dovin in the north, were just outside the Roman frontiers.
[1 ]Novel xlv. (= xxxi.).
[2 ]Procopius speaks of this as ἡ ἄλλη Ἀρμενία (Æd. 3, 1). It was previously administered partly by native satraps, partly by Roman officers called satraps. On the limits of the province, see H. Kiepert, Monatsberichte der Berliner Akademie, 1873, p. 192 sqq.
[3 ]It is possible, but not certain, that (as the Armenian historian John Catholicus asserts) the parts of Pontus which Justinian included in his Armenia I. were separated and made a distinct province. See Gelzer, Georgius Cyprius, p. lvii., lix.